Protective effect of BDNF against beta-amyloid induced neurotoxicity in vitro and in vivo in rats.

Univ Montpellier 2, Montpellier, F-34095, France.
Neurobiology of Disease (Impact Factor: 5.2). 08/2008; 31(3):316-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.nbd.2008.05.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We examined the potential protective effect of BDNF against beta-amyloid-induced neurotoxicity in vitro and in vivo in rats. In neuronal cultures, BDNF had specific and dose-response protective effects on neuronal toxicity induced by Abeta(1-42) and Abeta(25-35). It completely reversed the toxic action induced by Abeta(1-42) and partially that induced by Abeta(25-35). These effects involved TrkB receptor activation since they were inhibited by K252a. Catalytic BDNF receptors (TrkB.FL) were localized in vitro in cortical neurons (mRNA and protein). In in vivo experiments, Abeta(25-35) was administered into the indusium griseum or the third ventricle and several parameters were measured 7 days later to evaluate potential Abeta(25-35)/BDNF interactions, i.e. local measurement of BDNF release, number of hippocampal hilar cells expressing SRIH mRNA and assessment of the corpus callosum damage (morphological examination, pyknotic nuclei counting and axon labeling with anti-MBP antibody). We conclude that BDNF possesses neuroprotective properties against toxic effects of Abeta peptides.

1 Follower
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sensory nerve disorders are difficult to cure completely considering poor nerve regeneration capacity and difficulties in accurately targeting neural tissues. Administering mRNA is a promising approach for treating neurological disorders because mRNA can provide proteins and peptides in their native forms for mature non-dividing neural cells, without the need of entering their nuclei. However, direct mRNA administration into neural tissues in vivo has been challenging due to too unstable manner of mRNA and its strong immunogenicity. Thus, using a suitable carrier is essential for effective mRNA administration. For this purpose, we established a novel carrier based on the self-assembly of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-polyamino acid block copolymer, i.e. polyplex nanomicelles. To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of mRNA administration for the treatment of sensory nerve disorders, we used a mouse model of experimentally induced olfactory dysfunction. Intranasal administration of mRNA-loaded nanomicelles provided efficient, sustained protein expression for nearly two days in nasal tissues, particularly in the lamina propria which contains olfactory nerve fibers, with effectively regulating the immunogenicity of mRNA. Consequently, once-daily intranasal administration of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-expressing mRNA using polyplex nanomicelles remarkably enhanced the neurological recovery of olfactory function along with repairing the olfactory epithelium to a nearly normal architecture. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to show the therapeutic potential of introducing exogenous mRNA for the treatment of neurological disorders. These results indicate the feasibility and safety of using mRNA, and provide a novel strategy of mRNA-based therapy. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Journal of Controlled Release 01/2015; 201. DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2015.01.017 · 7.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The number of people diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is increasing steadily as the world population ages, thus creating a huge socio-economic burden. Current treatments have only transient effects and concentrate on a single aspect of AD. There is much evidence suggesting that growth factors (GFs) have a great therapeutic potential and can play on all AD hallmarks. Because GFs are prone to denaturation and clearance, a delivery system is required to ensure protection and a sustainable delivery. This review provides information about the latest advances in the development of GF delivery systems (GFDS) targeting the brain in terms of in vitro and in vivo effects in the context of AD and discusses new strategies designed to increase the availability and the specificity of GFs to the brain. This paper also discusses, on a mechanistic level, the different delivery hurdles encountered by the carrier or the GF itself from its injection site up to the brain tissue. The major mass transport phenomena influencing the delivery systems targeting the brain are addressed and insights are given about how mechanistic mathematical frameworks can be developed to use and optimize them. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Journal of Controlled Release 03/2015; 206. DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2015.03.024 · 7.26 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is increasing evidence that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a crucial role in AD pathology. A number of studies demonstrated that AD patients exhibit reduced BDNF levels in the brain and the blood serum, and in addition, several animal-based studies indicated a potential protective effect of BDNF against Aβ-induced neurotoxicity. In order to further investigate the role of BDNF in the etiology of AD, we created a novel mouse model by crossing a well-established AD mouse model (APP/PS1) with a mouse exhibiting a chronic BDNF deficiency (BDNF+/-). This new triple transgenic mouse model enabled us to further analyze the role of BDNF in AD in vivo. We reasoned that in case BDNF has a protective effect against AD pathology, an AD-like phenotype in our new mouse model should occur earlier and/or in more severity than in the APP/PS1-mice. Indeed, the behavioral analysis re-vealed that the APP/PS1-BDNF+/--mice show an earlier onset of learning impairments in a two-way active avoidance task in comparison to APP/PS1- and BDNF+/--mice. However in the Morris water maze test, we could not observe an overall aggrevated impairment in spatial learning and also short-term memory in an object recognition task remained intact in all tested mouse lines. In addition to the behavioral experiments, we analyzed the amyloid plaque pa-thology in the APP/PS1 and APP/PS1-BDNF+/--mice and observed a comparable plaque den-sity in the two genotypes. Moreover, our results revealed a higher plaque density in prefrontal cortical compared to hippocampal brain regions. Our data reveal that higher cognitive tasks requiring the recruitment of cortical networks appear to be more severely affected in our new mouse model than learning tasks requiring mainly sub-cortical networks. Furthermore, our observations of an accelerated impairment in active avoidance learning in APP/PS1-BDNF+/--mice further supports the hypothesis that BDNF deficiency amplifies AD-related cognitive dysfunctions.
    Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 03/2015; 9:00058. DOI:10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00058 · 4.16 Impact Factor


Available from