Type 2 diabetes: pathogenesis and treatment.

Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
The Lancet (Impact Factor: 39.21). 07/2008; 371(9631):2153-6. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60932-0
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Transplantation of the whole vascularized pancreas can provide insulin secretion in patients with insulin-dependent, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). It restores euglycemia in most patients, with the potential to impact the chronic diabetic complications and quality of life. Pancreas transplantation (PT) is presently controversial for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). For those patients with severe glycemic dysregulation, T2D can be associated with the same life-threatening sequelae as T1D such as severe hypoglycemia and kidney failure that could be corrected by pancreas (and kidney) transplantation. Thus, clinical indications and patient selection criteria are very important. This chapter will review the current status of PT for T2D and discuss the options and evolution of transplant perspectives.
    Current Diabetes Reports 11/2014; 14(11):542. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is a complex disease caused by the interaction of a myriad of genetic, dietary, lifestyle, and environmental factors, which favors a chronic positive energy balance, and leads to increased body fat mass. The incidence of obesity is rising at an alarming rate and is becoming a major public health concern with incalculable social costs. Indeed, obesity facilitates the development of metabolic disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases in addition to chronic diseases such as stroke, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, some cancers, and inflammation-based pathologies. Recent researches demonstrated the potential of natural products to counteract obesity. Multiple-natural product combinations may result in a synergistic activity that increases their bioavailability and action on multiple molecular targets, offering advantages over chemical treatments. In this review, we discuss the anti-obesity potential of natural products and analyze their mechanisms.
    Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University. 12/2014;


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