Flexural and fatigue strengths of denture base resin.
ABSTRACT Mechanical properties of denture acrylic resins are important for the clinical success of multiple types of prostheses. Acrylic resins must be strong and resilient so as to withstand impact. Few studies utilize cyclic loads to characterize material response to repeated stress.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate static and dynamic flexure properties of a variety of acrylic resins utilized in the fabrication of prostheses: (1) heat-polymerized polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), powder-liquid type, and (2) a newly introduced, visible light-polymerized urethane dimethacrylate dough type.
Twenty rectangular bars each of 4 PMMA acrylic resin materials (Diamond D, Fricke HI-I, Lucitone 199, Nature-Cryl Hi-Plus) and 1 urethane dimethacrylate (Eclipse) were fabricated and stored in 100% humidity for 30 days. Half of the specimens for each group were submitted to a static 3-point flexure test. The other half was submitted to cycling loading at 5 Hz for 10(4) cycles. Data were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA and 2-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey HSD or Bonferroni post hoc tests when necessary (alpha=.05).
Mean static flexure strength (SDs) in MPa were: Eclipse, 127.11 (5.83); Diamond D, 84.92 (5.10); Lucitone 199, 83.96 (11.96); HI-I, 79.54 (5.84); and Nature-Cryl Hi-Plus, 75.82 (6.96). Mean flexural strengths (SDs) in MPa postcycling were: Eclipse, 113.36 (31.29); Diamond D, 88.26 (5.46); Nature-Cryl Hi-Plus, 81.86 (4.93); HI-I, 79.18 (6.60); and Lucitone 199, 74.34 (4.95).
The visible light-polymerized urethane dimethacrylate resin (Eclipse) showed greater flexure strength than all PMMA heat-polymerized resins for both static and cycled groups (P<.001). Yet the Eclipse material had lower load limits, and demonstrated brittle-type behavior and greater standard deviations. The heat-polymerized PMMA materials did not significantly differ from each other after static or cyclic testing.
Article: Flexural properties of a light-cure and a self-cure denture base materials compared to conventional alternatives.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A new light curing urethane dimethacrylate and a cold curing resin with simpler and faster laboratory procedures may have even improved flexural properties. This study investigated the 3-point flexural strengths and flexural moduli of two alternate base materials. A cold curing resin (Weropress) and a light curing urethane dimethacrylate base material (Eclipse). Along with Eclipse and Weropress, a high impact resin (Lucitone199) and three conventional base materials (QC 20, Meliodent and Paladent 20) were tested. A 3-point bending test was used to determine the flexural strengths and flexural moduli. The mean displacement, maximum load, flexural modulus and flexural strength values and standard deviations for each group were analyzed by means of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (with mean difference significant at the 0.05 level). Post hoc analyses (Scheffe test) were carried out to determine the differences between the groups at a confidence level of 95%. Flexural strength, displacement and force maximum load values of Eclipse were significantly different from other base materials. Displacement values of QC 20 were significantly different from Lucitone 199 and Weropress. The flexural properties and simpler processing technique of Eclipse system presents an advantageous alternative to conventional base resins and Weropress offers another simple laboratory technique.The journal of advanced prosthodontics 09/2011; 3(3):136-9.