Refractory pneumothorax secondary to lung cancer in a patient with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
ABSTRACT An unusual case of refractory pneumothorax secondary to lung cancer in a 69-year-old man patient with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is described. High-pressure suction applied through chest tube did not resolve the large right pneumothorax. Acute exacerbation of IPF has also appeared. Respiratory state worsened acutely, and the patient died on the fifth hospital day. In the present case, the large right pneumothorax was initially thought to be associated with IPF because pneumothorax is common in patients with IPF. However, postmortem microscopic examination revealed that the refractory pneumothorax was secondary to perforation of the pleura due to a necrotic peripheral lung cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, has been considered to be associated with a high risk for lung carcinoma. To investigate this well-known but still equivocal relationship, we reviewed the clinical features of UIP autopsy cases with or without lung carcinoma (n = 32 and 38, respectively), and compared the morphology and cell kinetics of metaplastic epithelia in the honeycombed areas (n = 11, each group). Thirty-two of 70 UIP autopsy cases showed lung carcinomas. Clinically, UIP with lung carcinoma showed a male predominance (P = 0.001), a higher rate of smoking history (P = 0.001) and a later onset of UIP (P = 0.02), compared with UIP without lung carcinoma. Most of the carcinomas were peripheral in origin (90%), and 65% were topographically associated with honeycombed areas or the border between honeycombing and non-fibrotic areas. Quantitative assessment of the metaplastic epithelia in the honeycombed areas revealed that squamous metaplasia, but not cuboidal cell metaplasia or bronchial cell metaplasia, occurred more frequently in UIP with lung carcinoma than in UIP without lung carcinoma (P = 0.02). There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to the labeling indexes of Ki-67 and p53 in the metaplastic epithelia, including squamous metaplasia. The degree of atypical squamous metaplasia was not different between the two groups. The quantitative predominance of squamous metaplasia in the honeycombed areas may not be a precursor for lung carcinoma, but might reflect a constitutional susceptibility of UIP patients to develop a lung carcinoma.Pathology International 01/2000; 49(12):1060-6. DOI:10.1046/j.1440-1827.1999.00989.x · 1.59 Impact Factor
Mayo Clinic Proceedings 09/1973; 48(8):541-4. · 5.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) was reported to be associated with increased risk of lung cancer as a result of the occurrence of atypical or dysplastic epithelial changes in fibrosis which progressed to invasive malignancy. In that situation, the cancer will develop in the area of major fibrosis. To investigate the direct relationship between fibrosis and cancer development, the real concordance rate of the two lesions in the chest computed tomography (CT) was analysed and compared to the histological types of lung cancer. The subjects included 63 patients with combined lung cancer and IPF (IPF-CA), 218 patients with lone IPF, and 2,660 patients with primary lung cancer. All patients were diagnosed at Asan Medical Center during the same period. The age, percentage of smokers, and the male sex were significantly higher in IPF-CA compared with lone IPF. The odds ratio of smoking was 2.71 compared to nonsmoking IPF controls. In IPF-CA, 56% of the cancer was located in the periphery of the lung and 52% in the upper lobe. The majority of the cancers (64%) were found in the nonfibrotic area at chest CT. The most frequent cell type was squamous cell carcinoma (35%), and there was no significant difference in the cancer cell type between IPF-CA and total lung cancer population. These findings suggest that in combined lung cancer and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients, the features of the lung cancer are similar to the total lung cancer population.European Respiratory Journal 07/2001; 17(6):1216-9. · 7.13 Impact Factor