LS104, a non-ATP-competitive small-molecule inhibitor of JAK2, is potently inducing apoptosis in JAK2V617F-positive cells
ABSTRACT The activating JAK2V617F mutation has been described in the majority of patients with BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). In this report, we characterize the small-molecule LS104 as a novel non-ATP-competitive JAK2 inhibitor: Treatment of JAK2V617F-positive cells with LS104 resulted in dose-dependent induction of apoptosis and inhibition of JAK2 autophosphorylation and of downstream targets. Activation of these targets by JAK2 was confirmed in experiments using small interfering RNA. LS104 inhibited JAK2 kinase activity in vitro. This effect was not reversible using elevated ATP concentrations, whereas variation of the kinase substrate peptide led to modulation of the IC50 value for LS104. In line with these data, combination treatment using LS104 plus an ATP-competitive JAK2 inhibitor (JAK inhibitor I) led to synergistically increased apoptosis in JAK2V617F-positive cells. Furthermore, LS104 strongly inhibited cytokine-independent growth of endogenous erythroid colonies isolated from patients with JAK2V617F-positive MPD in vitro, whereas there was no significant effect on growth of myeloid colonies obtained from normal controls. Based on these data, we have recently started a phase I clinical trial of LS104 for patients with JAK2V617F-positive MPDs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on a non-ATP-competitive kinase inhibitor being tested in a clinical trial.
- SourceAvailable from: Annet Kirabo
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "Based on the identification of activating Jak2 mutations in MPNs, great effort has been aimed at developing inhibitors that target Jak2 . Accordingly, a number of small molecule Jak2 inhibitors, which have potential therapeutic efficacy against Jak2-mediated disorders, have been developed [88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96]. These compounds inhibit the pathologic cell growth and signaling in cell lines transformed by Jak2 mutations in vitro, in murine models in vivo, and in bone marrow samples obtained from MPN patients and cultured ex vivo [88,96,97,98]. "
ABSTRACT: Patients with hypertension often manifest a dysregulated renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Most of the available treatment approaches for hypertension are targeted towards the RAAS including direct renin inhibition, ACE inhibition, angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1-R) blockade, and aldosterone receptor antagonism. The Jak2 signaling pathway is intricately coupled to the AT1-R signaling processes involved in hypertension. Here, we review the involvement of Jak2 in the pathogenesis of hypertension, and its potential as a therapeutic target for treatment of AT1-R mediated cardiovascular disease. Jak2 may provide a rational therapeutic approach for patients whose blood pressure is not controlled by standard therapies.Pharmaceuticals 11/2010; 3(11). DOI:10.3390/ph3113478
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Activating mutations of FLT3 are found in approximately one-third of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-cases and are considered to represent an attractive therapeutic target. In this study, we report that the hydroxystyryl-acrylonitrile compound LS104 inhibits proliferation and induces potent cytotoxic effects in FLT3 expressing leukemic cells in vitro. Immunoblot and phosphoprotein-FACS analysis demonstrated inhibiton of phosphorylation of FLT3-ITD and of its downstream targets. In pharmacokinetic studies, a rapid and dose dependent cellular uptake of LS104 lasting up to 11h could be demonstrated. Combination of LS104 with chemotherapeutic agents markedly enhanced cytotoxic effects. Recently, a phase I clinical trial investigating LS104 in refractory/relapsed hematologic malignancies has been initiated.Leukemia Research 07/2008; 32(11):1698-708. DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2008.05.003 · 2.35 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: There are four members of the JAK family of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) in the human genome. Since their discovery in 1989, great strides have been made in the understanding of their role in normal intracellular signalling. Importantly, their roles in pathologies ranging from cancer to immune deficiencies have placed them front and centre as potential drug targets. The recent discovery of the role of activating mutations in the kinase-like domain (KLD) of JAK2 in the development of polycythemia rubra vera, and the elaboration of KLD mutation as a broader mechanism by which cells might become hyperproliferative has sparked enormous interest in the development of JAK selective drug candidates. I review herein the progress that has been made in the discovery of JAK-targeted inhibitors, and discuss the challenges that face the development of these drugs for use in the clinic.Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology 09/2008; 19(4):319-28. DOI:10.1016/j.semcdb.2008.07.020 · 6.27 Impact Factor
Daniel B Lipka