Increasing Activity Attendance and Engagement in Individuals with Dementia Using Descriptive Prompts

St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota 56301, USA.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis (Impact Factor: 1.19). 02/2008; 41(2):273-7. DOI: 10.1901/jaba.2008.41-273
Source: PubMed


The effects of providing descriptive prompts to increase activity attendance and engagement in 6 individuals with dementia were evaluated using a reversal design. The results showed that providing descriptive prompts increased activity attendance and engagement for all participants. The results support the use of antecedent interventions for increasing appropriate behavior by individuals with dementia.

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Available from: John T. Rapp, May 22, 2014
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    • "There is a lack of interventions for people living with dementia and little research into their self-management (Mountain 2006). There is evidence for some cognitive, occupational therapy and psychotherapy approaches, for example (Brenske et al. 2008; Joosten-Weyn Banningh et al. 2008; Angevaren et al. 2008), support groups (Snyder et al. 2007), relaxation, and memory training (Rapp et al. 2002). "
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    ABSTRACT: Dementia is a major challenge for health and social care services. People living with dementia in the earlier stages experience a “care-gap”. Although they may address this gap in care, self-management interventions have not been provided to people with dementia. It is unclear how to conceptualise self-management for this group and few published papers address intervention design. Initial focusing work used a logic mapping approach, interviews with key stakeholders, including people with dementia and their family members. An initial set of self-management targets were identified for potential intervention. Self-management for people living with dementia was conceptualised as covering five targets: (1) relationship with family, (2) maintaining an active lifestyle, (3) psychological wellbeing, (4) techniques to cope with memory changes, and (5) information about dementia. These targets were used to focus literature reviewing to explore an evidence base for the conceptualisation. We discuss the utility of the Corbin and Strauss (Unending work and care: managing chronic illness at home. Jossey-Bass, Oxford, 1988) model of self-management, specifically that self-management for people living with dementia should be conceptualised as emphasising the importance of “everyday life work” (targets 1 and 2) and “biographical work” (target 3), with inclusion of but less emphasis on specific “illness work” (targets 4, 5). We argue that self-management is possible for people with dementia, with a strengths focus and emphasis on quality of life, which can be achieved despite cognitive impairments. Further development and testing of such interventions is required to provide much needed support for people in early stages of dementia.
    European Journal of Ageing 11/2012; 10(2). DOI:10.1007/s10433-012-0253-5 · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Applied behavior analysis is a scientific field devoted to the modification of socially relevant human behavior. This area has grown significantly in recent years. Although this has been driven mostly by an increasing demand for intervention in autism and developmental disabilities, there have been major developments in a number of areas. The growing demand for high quality professional services requires the development of standard criteria for professional training and certification. The Behavior Analyst Certification Board®, Inc. (BACB®) is a non-profit corporation that has developed an international certification program for behavior analysts that has been widely adopted by professionals in the field in the United States, Europe and elsewhere. Access to certification poses academic, coursework and supervised experience requirements, in addition to a certification exam. In this paper we discuss the potential of this certification scheme for the credentialing of behavior analysts in Spain and Europe. El análisis aplicado de la conducta es un área científica dirigida a la comprensión y modificación de comportamientos socialmente relevantes. Esta área ha experimentado un notable desarrollo profesional en la última década. Aunque la mayor expansión se ha dado en la intervención en autismo y otros trastornos del desarrollo, ha habido avances en numerosas áreas. La creciente demanda de servicios profesionales requiere estándares para la formación y certificación de profesionales. El Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc. (BACB) es una agencia sin ánimo de lucro que ha desarrollado un programa internacional de certificación de analistas de conducta con una notable difusión en Estados Unidos, Europa y otras regiones del mundo. El acceso a la certificación contempla criterios de formación académica, teórica y de práctica supervisada, y requiere de la superación de un examen de certificación. Se discuten las posibilidades de difusión de las certificaciones profesionales en análisis de conducta en España y Europa.
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