Selective angiotensin II AT(2) receptor agonists: Benzamide structure-activity relationships
ABSTRACT In the investigation of the structure-activity relationship of nonpeptide AT(2) receptor agonists, a series of substituted benzamide analogues of the selective nonpeptide AT(2) receptor agonist M024 have been synthesised. In a second series, the biphenyl scaffold was compared to the thienylphenyl scaffold and the impact of the isobutyl substituent and its position on AT(1)/AT(2) receptor selectivity was also investigated. Both series included several compounds with high affinity and selectivity for the AT(2) receptor. Three of the compounds were also proven to function as agonists at the AT(2) receptor, as deduced from a neurite outgrowth assay, conducted in NG108-15 cells.
SourceAvailable from: Anna Wieckowska[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A novel series of ligands for the recombinant human AT2 receptor has been synthesized utilizing a fast and efficient palladium-catalyzed procedure for aminocarbonylation as the key reaction. Molybdenum hexacarbonyl [Mo(CO)6] was employed as the carbon monoxide source, and controlled microwave heating was applied. The prepared N-aryl isoleucine derivatives, encompassing a variety of amide groups attached to the aromatic system, exhibit binding affinities at best with K i values in the low micromolar range versus the recombinant human AT2 receptor. Some of the new nonpeptidic isoleucine derivatives may serve as starting points for further structural optimization. The presented data emphasize the importance of using human receptors in drug discovery programs.ChemistryOpen 04/2014; 3(2):65-75. DOI:10.1002/open.201300040 · 2.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Saralasin and sarile, extensively studied over the past 40 years as angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor blockers, induce neurite outgrowth in a NG108-15 cell assay to a similar extent as the endogenous Ang II. In their undifferentiated state, these cells express mainly the AT2 receptor. The neurite outgrowth was inhibited by preincubation with the AT2 receptor selective antagonist PD 123,319, which suggests that the observed outgrowth was mediated by the AT2 receptor. Neither saralasin nor sarile reduced the neurite outgrowth induced by Ang II proving that the two octapeptides do not act as antagonists at the AT2 receptor and may be considered as AT2 receptor agonists.ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters 10/2014; 5(10):1129-32. DOI:10.1021/ml500278g · 3.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Migration of the methylene imidazole side chain in the first reported selective drug-like AT2 receptor agonist C21/M024 (1) delivered the AT2 receptor antagonist C38/M132 (2). We now report that the AT2 receptor antagonist compound 4, a biphenyl derivative that is structurally related to 2, is transformed to the agonist 6 by migration of the isobutyl group. The importance of the relative position of the methylene imidazole and the isobutyl substituent is highlighted herein.ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters 02/2015; 6(2):178-82. DOI:10.1021/ml500427r · 3.07 Impact Factor