Villous adenoma: a rare tumor of vaginal vault.
ABSTRACT Villous adenomas are extremely rare tumors in the vagina and are indistinguishable from their colonic counterparts. These are considered as enteric type neoplasms of lower female genital tract arising from cloacal remnants. The significance of this lesion lies in the fact that it has to be distinguished from metastatic adenocarcinoma from other sites. We present a case of villous adenoma of vaginal vault, a rare site of presentation in a 30-year-old female.
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ABSTRACT: Vaginal villous or tubulovillous adenomas (TVA) are uncommon tumors histologically similar to their intestinal counterparts. After reviewing the literature, we report the eighth case of TVA, which presented as a polypoid tumor in the vagina, at suburethral level, in a 19-yr-old woman with Arnold-Chiari type II malformation and a myelomeningocele at birth. The tumor consisted of long villi lined by columnar cells with brush borders, pseudostratified nuclei, and foci of high-grade atypia. Immunohistochemistry was positive for cytokeratin 7, estrogen and progesterone receptors, CA19.9, p16, p53, and Ki-67 (53%), with a normal membranous pattern for β-catenin, but negative for cytokeratin 20, CDX2, carcinoembryonic antigen, chromogranin A, and synaptophysin. Neither human papillomavirus nor mutations in the K-RAS, BRAF, or LKB1/STK11 genes were detected. Although a rare neoplasm, awareness of this tumor is important as it must be distinguished from colonic adenocarcinoma or other malignant or benign conditions. The existence of 2 previously reported malignant cases merging with TVAs, and the presence of foci of high-grade dysplasia (p53-positive) in the present case, support TVA as a premalignant lesion.International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists 11/2012; DOI:10.1097/PGP.0b013e31824fe2c8 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Primary intestinal-type glandular lesions of the vagina are rare. We report a series of 14 lesions, including 1 intestinal-type polyp without neoplastic features, 3 adenomas (2 with high-grade dysplasia), and 10 adenocarcinomas. Patients ranged in age from 20 to 86 years (mean 60 y) and presented with vaginal bleeding or a mass. No history of diethylstilbestrol exposure, adenosis, or endometriosis was elicited in any patient. The lesions were mostly polypoid, small (0.8 to 2.0 cm), and located in the posterior (6 cases) and lower (7 cases) vagina. One carcinoma metastasized to a para-aortic lymph node; the others were confined to the vagina. The neoplasms exhibited histologic features identical to those seen in primary large intestinal tumors, including variable numbers of goblet cells and in 1 case neuroendocrine cells. Five of the adenocarcinomas contained areas consistent with a precursor adenoma. In 3 cases, a benign urothelium-lined duct was adjacent to the lesion, and in 2 patients benign intestinal-type epithelium was present; no other potential benign precursor lesions were seen. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed on 6 cases; the tumors were positive for CDX-2 (6/6), CK20 (5/6), CEA (5/5), CK7 (4/6), and CA-125 (2/4) and were negative for ER (0/6) and p16 (0/2). Clinical outcome data were available in 3 patients with adenocarcinomas; 1 died of disease in <1 year, and 2 were alive with no evidence of disease at 2 and 7 years. The pertinent literature is reviewed, and the potential origin and differential diagnosis of these lesions are discussed.The American journal of surgical pathology 05/2014; 38(5):593-603. DOI:10.1097/PAS.0000000000000157 · 5.15 Impact Factor