Prevalence and pathophysiological mechanisms of elevated cardiac troponin I levels in a population-based sample of elderly subjects

Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology, Uppsala University Hospital, S-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.
European Heart Journal (Impact Factor: 14.72). 08/2008; 29(18):2252-8. DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehn327
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the prevalence of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) elevation in an elderly community population and the association of cTnI levels with cardiovascular risk factors, vascular inflammation, atherosclerosis, cardiac performance, and areas indicative of infarcted myocardium identified by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.
cTnI elevation defined as cTnI levels >0.01 microg/L (Access AccuTnI, Beckman Coulter) was found in 21.8% of the study participants (n = 1005). cTnI > 0.01 microg/L was associated with cardiovascular high-risk features, the burden of atherosclerosis in the carotid arteries, left-ventricular mass, and impaired left-ventricular systolic function. No associations were found between cTnI and inflammatory activity, diastolic dysfunction, or myocardial scars. Male gender (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.1-2.4), ischaemic ECG changes (OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.1-2.7), and NT-pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels (OR 1.4; 95% CI 1.1-1.7) independently predicted cTnI > 0.01 microg/L. cTnI > 0.01 microg/L correlated also to an increased cardiovascular risk according to the Framingham risk score.
cTnI > 0.01 microg/L is relatively common in elderly subjects and is associated with cardiovascular high-risk features and impaired cardiac performance. Cardiac troponin determined by a highly sensitive assay might thus serve as an instrument for the identification of subjects at high cardiovascular risk in general populations.


Available from: Bertil Lindahl, Apr 26, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aims: Myocardial injury occurs frequently following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of this study was to assess timing, predictors, and prognostic value of periprocedural myocardial injury and chronic troponin elevation after TAVI. Methods and results: Two hundred and seventy-six patients (logistic EuroSCORE 26.6±17.1%) underwent transvascular TAVI. Troponin, CK-MB, and NT-proBNP levels were measured before and after TAVI (1 hr, 4 hrs, 24 hrs, 48 hrs, 72 hrs, seven days, three, and six months). Myocardial injury (according to VARC-2 recommendation defined as ΔTroponin ≥15x URL) occurred in 143/276 patients (51.8%) during the first 72 hours following TAVI. Use of a self-expanding prosthesis (p=0.02), coronary artery disease (p=0.04), higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (p<0.001), and procedure time (p<0.001) were independent predictors for the development of myocardial injury after TAVI. Thirty-day (4.2% vs. 6.1%; p=0.48) and one-year mortality (19.4% vs. 26.5%; p=0.15) were not related to the incidence of periprocedural myocardial injury. However, patients with chronic troponin elevation after TAVI had an increased one-year mortality risk (HR 4.5, 95% CI: 2.0-10.0; p<0.001). Conclusions: Myocardial injury defined as ΔTroponin ≥15x URL after TAVI seems to be a procedure-related issue without impact on 30-day and one-year survival. However, monitoring of post-procedural troponin might be useful for prognostication after TAVI.
    JACC Cardiovascular Interventions 02/2015; 7(2). DOI:10.4244/EIJY15M02_02 · 7.44 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Interpretation of cTn elevation in patients primarily presenting with ischemic stroke is complex because other conditions apart from acute thrombotic coronary artery disease may also lead to the finding of an elevated cTn. What is more, clinical complaints associated with acute coronary syndromes may be atypical or masked by neurological deficits. Recently, high-sensitivity cTn assays were developed, which enable detection of small amounts of circulating cTn. However, the marked increase in sensitivity for myocardial injury is accompanied by a reduced specificity for diagnosis of acute CAD. In this review, we summarize possible mechanisms of cTn elevation in ischemic stroke and provide stroke clinicians with tools for interpreting and applying the controversial high-sensitivity cTn assays.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of cardiac troponin (cTn) levels with conventional and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in young and healthy adults. We performed a population based cross-sectional analysis among 2,072 young and healthy adults aged 25-41 years free of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. cTnI was measured using a highly sensitive (hs) assay. The relationships of high sensitivity cardiac tropononin I (hs-cTnI) with office and 24-hour BP were assessed using multivariable regression analyses. Median age was 37 years and 975 (47%) participants were male. hs-cTnI levels were detectable in 2,061 (99.5%) individuals. Median (interquartile range) hs-cTnI levels were 0.98 (0.71; 1.64) ng/L among men and 0.48 (0.33; 0.71) ng/L among women. Systolic BP, but not diastolic BP, gradually increased across hs-cTnI quartiles (118, 120, 121, and 122 mm Hg for conventional BP; P = 0.0002; 122, 123, 124, and 124 mm Hg for 24-hour BP, P = 0.0001). In multivariable linear regression analyses, the β estimates for systolic BP per 1-unit increase in log transformed hs-cTnI were 2.52 for conventional BP (P = 0.0001); 2.75 for 24-hour BP (P < 0.0001); 2.71 and 2.41 (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.0002) for day and nighttime BP, respectively. There was a significant relationship between hs-cTnI and the Sokolow-Lyon Index (odds ratio (95% confidence interval): 2.09 (1.37; 3.18), P < 0.001). Using a hs assay, hs-cTnI was detectable in virtually all participants of a young and healthy population. hs-cTnI was independently associated with systolic BP and left ventricular hypertrophy. © American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd 2014. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email:
    American Journal of Hypertension 11/2014; DOI:10.1093/ajh/hpu226 · 3.40 Impact Factor