Radiation-induced sarcoma: 25-year experience from the Norwegian Radium Hospital.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and outcome of radiation-induced sarcomas (RISs) among sarcoma patients referred to the Norwegian Radium Hospital (NRH).
Ninety patients were identified from the institutional sarcoma data base. Medical records and histological and cytological material from both primary and secondary tumours were reviewed.
RIS represented 3.0 % of the sarcomas in the data base. The median latency time from radiotherapy of the primary tumour to the diagnosis of RIS was 13.6 years (range 2.5-57.8 years). Gynaecological, breast and testicular cancers were the most common primary diagnoses. For the RISs 13 different histological types were identified including 25 malignant fibrous histiocytomas (28% of all) and 22 osteosarcomas (24%). The sarcoma-related 5-year crude survival was 33% (95 % CI 23-43 %). Unfavourable prognostic factors were metastases at presentation, incomplete surgery and presence of tumour necrosis.
Radiation-induced sarcoma is rare and harbours an aggressive clinical behaviour. Complete surgical resection is mandatory for cure.
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ABSTRACT: Therapy-related cancers, defined as second primary cancers that arise as a consequence of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, are unusual in that they have a well-defined aetiology. Knowledge of the specific nature of the initiating exposure and exactly when it occurred has made it easier to identify crucial genetic events and to model these in vitro and in vivo. As such, the study of therapy-related cancers has led to the elucidation of discrete mechanisms of carcinogenesis, including DNA double-strand-break-induced gene translocation and genomic instability conferred by loss of DNA repair. Unsurprisingly, some of these mechanisms seem to operate in the development of sporadic cancers.Nature reviews. Cancer 01/2006; 5(12):943-55. · 35.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A case of a metachronous epithelioid sarcoma and pleomorphic liposarcoma in a young woman is described. The first tumor was an epithelioid sarcoma (ES) with focal rhabdoid features localised in the left calf while the second lesion developed seven years later in the same region was diagnosed as pleomorphic liposarcoma resembling myxofibrosarcoma ( myxoid variant of malignant fibrous histiocytoma ) predominantly composed of moderately differentiated spindle cells. Multiple foci of uni- and plurivacuolated lipoblasts were seen. Following the resection of ES the patient received 57 Gy radiation to the region, therefore we regarded the second tumor as a radiation induced liposarcoma. A further interesting feature of this case is that the development of pleomorphic liposarcoma preceded by 6 months the solitary right parabronchial metastasis of ES and after 4 months of metastasectomy a third tumor developed at the site of the first lesion. This tumor showed dedifferentiation toward pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Our case represents a unique case of postirradiation liposarcoma developed on the base of ES.Pathology & Oncology Research 02/2000; 6(4):287-91. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Treatment of radiation-induced sarcoma (RIS) remains an unsolved problem. To provide more insight into the disease process, its characteristics, outcome, and potential outcome determinants were defined. From 1978 to 2003, 27 patients--20 females (74%) and 7 males (26%) with a median age 44 years (range, 1-73 years) at the time of diagnosis of the primary tumor--developed an RIS after a median interval of 8 years (range, 3-41 years). The histology of the RIS was 10 (37%) undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcomas, 7 (26%) angiosarcomas, 6 (22%) fibrosarcomas, 2 (7%) osteosarcomas, 1 (4%) pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma, and 1 (4%) pleomorphic leiomyosarcoma. Surgical resection was performed in 21 patients: 13 (62%) R0 (microscopically radical), 4 (19%) R1 (microscopically irradical), 2 (9.5%) R2 (macroscopically irradical), and 2 (9.5%) RX (unknown radicality). Six (22%) patients underwent no resection. The 5-year disease-free and overall survival rates were 27% and 30%, respectively. The local failure rate after R0 resection was 54%. The distant failure rate for the entire group was 41%. Patients with an R0 resection had a significantly better survival rate (P < .05) than patients with an R1, R2, or no resection. RISs are aggressive malignancies with a high tendency for local recurrence and distant metastases. Previously applied treatment often hampers adequate resection. Therefore, radical surgical resection is the only chance to improve disease-free and overall survival, but it may also have a palliative role. Still, the overall prognosis remains poor.Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2005; 12(3):237-45. · 4.12 Impact Factor