Different aa-tRNAs are selected uniformly on the ribosome.

Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Cell Biology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
Molecular cell (Impact Factor: 14.46). 08/2008; 31(1):114-23. DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2008.04.026
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ten E. coli aminoacyl-tRNAs (aa-tRNAs) were assessed for their ability to decode cognate codons on E. coli ribosomes by using three assays that evaluate the key steps in the decoding pathway. Despite a wide variety of structural features, each aa-tRNA exhibited similar kinetic and thermodynamic properties in each assay. This surprising kinetic and thermodynamic uniformity is likely to reflect the importance of ribosome conformational changes in defining the rates and affinities of the decoding process as well as the evolutionary "tuning" of each aa-tRNA sequence to modify their individual interactions with the ribosome at each step.

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