Opalescence and fluorescence properties of indirect and direct resin materials.
ABSTRACT To measure the opalescence and fluorescence properties of indirect and direct resin materials before and after polymerization, and to determine the influence of the material and shade group combination on these properties.
BelleGlass NG (BG, indirect resin) and Estelite Sigma (ES, direct resin), each composed in 3 shade groups (EN, OD and TL for BG; BS, AS and OP for ES) out of a total of 16 shades were investigated. Resin material was packed into a mold (the BEC condition) and polymerized with a light-polymerization unit (CWL). Secondary polymerization (CIC) was performed for BG. Color was measured in the BEC, CWL, and CIC conditions, and the opalescence parameter (OP) and fluorescence parameter (FL) were calculated.
For the OP, the mean for BG material was 24.3 before polymerization, which changed to 19.9 after polymerization (CIC). In the case of ES, the mean OP before polymerization was 25.6, which changed to 12.4 after polymerization (CWL). For the FL, the mean FL for BG was 2.5 before polymerization, which changed to 0.7 after polymerization. In the case of ES, the mean FL before polymerization was 1.2, which did not change after polymerization. Material and shade group combination influenced the OP and FL values (p<0.05).
The opalescence and fluorescence properties of resin materials varied depending on the material, shade group, and polymerization. Clinically, these properties should be considered when neighboring teeth are restored with different types of material.
Article: Color stability of indirect composite materials polymerized with different polymerization systems.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the color stability of two indirect composite materials (Sinfony and Pearleste) polymerized with different laboratory polymerization systems. Disk specimens were prepared with their proprietary polymerization systems (Visio and Pearlcure systems) or with a metal halide light polymerization unit (Hyper LII) for 60, 120, and 180 s. After storage at 37 degrees C for 24 h, the specimens were immersed in either purified water or tea. Color change between baseline evaluation and after 4 weeks was determined with a dental chroma meter (ShadeEye NCC) using black and white backgrounds. CIE 1976 L(*)a(*)b(*) values were determined, and they were converted into DeltaE(*)(ab) values. The DeltaE(*)(ab) value of the Sinfony material immersed in tea was the highest when the material was polymerized with the proprietary Visio system. The Pearleste material immersed in purified water and tea was not affected substantially by the polymerization systems. Among the 12 groups polymerized with the Hyper LII units, DeltaE(*)(ab) values of 11 groups were significantly lower for the Pearleste material than for the Sinfony material. It can be concluded that the Pearleste material was stable against color change when the material was polymerized with either the Pearlcure system or with the Hyper LII unit.Journal of Oral Science 07/2009; 51(2):267-73.