KRAS mutations predict response to EGFR inhibitors

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Current Opinion in Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 4.23). 08/2008; 8(4):413-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.coph.2008.06.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Five antiepidermal growth factor receptor therapies have been approved for the treatment of solid tumors. However, response rates are relatively low. Several biomarkers that enrich for patients with tumors most likely to respond to these therapeutic agents have been identified. Mutations in the intermediate signal transduction pathway member KRAS also selects patients with tumors depending on signaling through this pathway. However, because KRAS acts downstream of the EGF receptor, somatic changes in this gene can be used as a marker to exclude patients unlikely to benefit from anti-EGFR therapy. Recent clinical data have provided substantial evidence that KRAS mutational status should be utilized as a diagnostic marker for predicting that response to anti-EGFR therapies in colorectal and non-small cell lung cancer.

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