Adenovirus-mediated gene expression imaging to directly detect sentinel lymph node metastasis of prostate cancer.
ABSTRACT The accurate assessment of nodal involvement in prostate cancer is crucial to planning treatment, yet there is a shortage of noninvasive imaging techniques capable of visualizing nodal lesions directly. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using recombinant human adenoviral vectors to detect nodal metastases in a human prostate cancer model. This was achieved by the prostate-restricted expression of optical and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging reporter genes by the viral vector coupled with the innate lymphotropic properties of adenovirus. We show that peritumoral administration of these vectors results in the direct detection of reporter gene expression in metastatic lesions within sentinel lymph nodes. Notably, this approach parallels the current lymphoscintigraphy method but enables the direct PET visualization of sentinel lymph node metastases, eliminating the need for invasive lymphadenectomy. These findings may lead to more effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for individuals with advanced-stage prostate cancer.
Article: Cancer progression and survival rates following anatomical radical retropubic prostatectomy in 3,478 consecutive patients: long-term results.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We updated a long-term cancer control outcome in a large anatomical radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) series. We also evaluated the perioperative parameters that predict cancer specific outcomes following surgery. From May 1983 to February 2003, 1 surgeon (WJC) performed RRP in 3,478 consecutive men. Patients were followed with semiannual serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) tests and annual digital rectal examinations. We used Kaplan-Meier product limit estimates to calculate actuarial 10-year probabilities of biochemical progression-free survival, cancer specific survival and overall survival. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine independent perioperative predictors of cancer progression. At a mean followup of 65 months (range 0 to 233) actuarial 10-year biochemical progression-free, cancer specific and overall survival probabilities were 68%, 97% and 83%, respectively. On multivariate analysis biochemical progression-free survival probability was significantly associated with preoperative PSA, clinical tumor stage, Gleason sum, pathological stage and treatment era. Cancer specific survival and overall survival rates were also significantly associated with clinicopathological parameters. RRP can be performed with excellent survival outcomes. Favorable clinicopathological parameters and treatment in the PSA era are associated with improved cancer control.The Journal of Urology 10/2004; 172(3):910-4. · 3.75 Impact Factor