Association of a TRAF1 and a STAT4 gene polymorphism with increased risk for rheumatoid arthritis in a genetically homogeneous population.

Department of Medicine, University of Crete, and Department of Rheumatology, Clinical Immunology and Allergy, University Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Greece.
Human Immunology (Impact Factor: 2.28). 08/2008; 69(9):567-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.humimm.2008.06.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multifactorial disease that is increasing in incidence worldwide. It is associated with a complex mode of inheritance, with many genes being involved in the development and progression of the disease. Genome-wide association studies in different populations have recently revealed a significant association between a TRAF1/C5 and a STAT4 polymorphism and the development of RA. In the present study we performed a case-control study in the population of the island of Crete, Greece, aiming to replicate the former findings in a genetically homogeneous cohort of patients. We found that mutated allele A or genotypes A/A and G/A of the TRAF1/C5 rs10818488 SNP were more common in individuals with RA than in control individuals (odds ratio [OR]=1.7, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.35-2.15, and OR=2.22, 95% CI=1.61-3.05, respectively). Similarly, mutated allele T or genotypes T/T and G/T of the STAT4 rs7574865 SNP were also associated with susceptibility to RA (OR=1.9, 95% CI=1.46-2.50, and OR=2.37, 95% CI 1.73-2.25, respectively). Thus, we conclude that mutant alleles or genotypes of both polymorphisms examined are associated with the development of RA in our population.

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    ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disease sustained by genetic factors. Various aspects of the genetic contribution to the pathogenetics and outcome of RA are still unknown. Several genes have been indicated so far in the pathogenesis of RA. Apart from human leukocyte antigen, large genome wide association studies have identified many loci involved in RA pathogenesis. These genes include protein tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor type 22, Peptidyl Arginine Deiminase type IV, signal transducer and activator of transcription 4, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4, tumor necrosis factor-receptor associated factor 1/complement component 5, tumor necrosis factor and others. It is important to determine whether a combination of RA risk alleles are able to identify patients who will develop certain clinical outcomes, such myocardium infarction, severe infection or lymphoma, as well as to identify patients who will respond to biological medication therapy.
    World journal of orthopedics. 09/2014; 5(4):544-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The objective of the present meta-analysis was to investigate whether the combined evidence shows an association between the STAT4 rs7574865 polymorphism and RA.MethodsA systematic search of all relevant studies published through April 2013 was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, OVID, and ScienceDirect. The observational studies that were related to an association between the STAT4 rs7574865 polymorphism and RA were identified. The association between the STAT4 rs7574865 polymorphism and RA susceptibility was assessed using genetic models.ResultsSeventeen case-control studies with a total of 28 comparisons (25 300 RA patients and 26 326 controls) met the inclusion criteria. A meta-analysis was conducted for genotype TT versus GT+GG, GT+TT versus GG, TT versus GG and T-allele. The meta-analysis showed an association between RA and the STAT4 rs7574865 TT genotype, GT+TT genotype and T-allele in all subjects. Stratification of RA patients according to ethnic group showed that the TT genotype, GT+TT genotype and T-allele were significantly associated with RA in Europeans, Asians, Africans and Latin Americans. A subgroup analysis according to the absence or presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies revealed that the association between the STAT4 rs7574865 polymorphism and RA may be independent of the presence of RF and anti-CCP antibodies.Conclusions This meta-analysis demonstrated that the STAT4 rs7574865 polymorphism confers susceptibility to RA in major ethnic groups. The association may not be dependent on the presence of RF and anti-CCP antibodies.
    International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 04/2014; · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t Background: The gene encoding signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) has been reported to be associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in several populations. This work aimed at asses-sing the association of STAT4 G>T gene polymorphism with the susceptibility, activity and functional dis-ability of RA in Egyptian subjects. Subjects and methods: This study included 112 unrelated RA Egyptian patients who were compared to 122 healthy unrelated individuals taken from the same locality. For all subjects, DNA was genotyped for STAT4 G>T (rs7574865) polymorphism using the PCR-RFLP technique. Antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Cases showed a significantly higher frequency of the STAT4 T allele carriage (GT+TT genotypes) compared to controls (51.8% vs. 31.1%, OR = 2.37, 95% CI = 1.39–4.05, p = 0.001). Also the frequency of the STAT4 T allele was significantly higher among cases compared to controls (30.4% vs. 16.8%, OR = 2.16, 95% CI = 1.39–3.35, p = 0.001). Cases positive to the STAT4 T allele (GT+TT genotypes) showed no significant difference compared to those with the GG genotype regarding their clinical and immune parameters. Nonetheless, they showed a more functional disability presented in their significantly higher health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) score (p = 0.02). Conclusions: This study gives an extra evidence to the association of the STAT4 T allele with the suscept-ibility and functional disability of RA.
    Human Immunology 06/2014; · 2.28 Impact Factor


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