Anne M. Thomson argues that food security is now generally recognized as an issue of household access to food rather than national food production levels. This raises issues of how to address this at the policy level. Holistic approaches to poverty reduction, livelihoods and food security are proving a challenge to operationalize, as indicated by examination of PRSPs, but are essential to achieving food security targets set at the World Food Summit. Development (2001) 44, 24–28. doi:10.1057/palgrave.development.1110287
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: What are the effects when gender mainstreaming becomes part of the enabling claims of international organizations? In this paper I examine the fit between gender mainstreaming, as a policy and device of transformation, and the calculations of international organizations to produce certain kinds of gendered subjects in the name of good governance. Noting the expansion of audit cultures and notions of accountability within international organizations, I focus on the case of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). I find that gender mainstreaming facilitates FAO efforts to mobilize a new rural woman with increased capacities and responsibilities for attending to global food security, at the same that it supports the organization's deployment of neoliberal techniques for maximizing rural productivity. The consequences for feminist practice of being drawn into the technologies of international rule are examined.
Revue canadienne d'études du développement = Canadian journal of development studies 01/2005; 26(sup1). DOI:10.1080/02255189.2005.9669104 · 0.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Household food access remains a concern among primarily agricultural households in lower- and middle-income countries. We examined the associations among domains representing livelihood assets (human capital, social capital, natural capital, physical capital and financial capital) and household food access. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey (two questionnaires) on livelihood assets. SETTING: Metropolitan Pillaro, Ecuador; Cochabamba, Bolivia; and Huancayo, Peru. SUBJECTS: Households (n 570) involved in small-scale agricultural production in 2008. RESULTS: Food access, defined as the number of months of adequate food provisioning in the previous year, was relatively good; 41 % of the respondents indicated to have had no difficulty in obtaining food for their household in the past year. Using bivariate analysis, key livelihood assets indicators associated with better household food access were identified as: age of household survey respondent (P = 0·05), participation in agricultural associations (P = 0·09), church membership (P = 0·08), area of irrigated land (P = 0·08), housing material (P = 0·06), space within the household residence (P = 0·02) and satisfaction with health status (P = 0·02). In path models both direct and indirect effects were observed, underscoring the complexity of the relationships between livelihood assets and household food access. Paths significantly associated with better household food access included: better housing conditions (P = 0·01), more space within the household residence (P = 0·001) and greater satisfaction with health status (P = 0·001). CONCLUSIONS: Multiple factors were associated with household food access in these peri-urban agricultural households. Food security intervention programmes focusing on food access need to deal with both agricultural factors and determinants of health to bolster household food security in challenging lower- and middle-income country contexts.
Public Health Nutrition 02/2012; 16(1):1-10. DOI:10.1017/S1368980012000183 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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