Article

The effect of the humidifier on sore throat and cough after thyroidectomy.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
Korean journal of anesthesiology 12/2011; 61(6):470-4. DOI: 10.4097/kjae.2011.61.6.470
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was performed to determine the effects of a humidifier with heated wire circuits on the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat (POST) and cough after thyroidectomy.
A total of 61 patients scheduled for elective thyroid surgery under general anesthesia were included in this prospective study. We randomized the patients in to two groups, "without active warming and humidification" (Group C) and "using a heated humidifier" (Group H). The patients were interviewed to obtain the POST and cough scores at 1, 6, 24 and 48 hours after thyroidectomy.
The incidence of POST was significantly lower in Group H compared to Group C at 6 hours (57% vs 84%, P = 0.041), 24 hours (37% vs 65%, P = 0.045), and 48 hours (10% vs 52%, P = 0.001). Also the incidence of cough was significantly lower in Group H at 6 hours (27% vs 71%, P = 0.001), 24 hours (13% vs 45%, P = 0.015), and 48 hours (7% vs 32%, P = 0.028). The severity of POST was significantly lower in Group H at all times. In addition, the severity of cough was lower in Group H at other times except at 1 hour.
This result suggests that an active humidification of inspired gases may have the appreciable effect on reducing the incidence and severity of sore throat and cough after thyroid surgery using the endotracheal tube.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
243 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Postoperative sore throat (POST) is one of the main postoperative complaints. This study was to evaluate the efficacy of budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) in reducing the incidence and severity of POST. One hundred and twenty patients scheduled for thyroid surgery with general anesthesia were enrolled and randomized into three groups. Group A received 200 mcg BIS 10 min prior to the tracheal intubation and received the same treatment 6 and 24 h after extubation. Group B received 200 mcg BIS 6 and 24 h after extubation. Control group received the same scheduled treatment as Group A, but the BIS was replaced with 2 ml normal saline. The patients were evaluated for sore throat and hoarseness 1, 24 and 48 h after extubation. The status of laryngopharynx was also recorded. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of sore throat among three groups. However, hoarseness occurred significantly less frequently in Group A (P < 0.05). One hour after extubation, Group A exhibited significantly less severe sore throat and hoarseness compared to the other two groups (P < 0.05), which disappeared 24 h later. The mucositis scores of laryngopharynx at 1, 24 and 48 h post-extubation were significantly lower in Group A (P < 0.05). BIS can reduce the incidence and severity of the POST prophylactically.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 02/2014; · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sore throat, hoarseness, dysphagia, and cough are common laryngopharyngeal discomforts after thyroidectomy. The incidence and severity of laryngopharyngeal symptoms after the use of a flexible reinforced laryngeal mask airway (LMA) were compared with those that occur after the use of a plain endotracheal tube in patients after thyroidectomy. Seventy-six patients scheduled for total thyroidectomy were randomized into a plain endotracheal tube group (group E) or a flexible reinforced LMA group (group L). Total intravenous anesthesia (propofol and remifentanil) was used for maintenance of anesthesia. Hemodynamic variables were recorded during induction of anesthesia. The incidence and severity (100-point numerical rating scales) of laryngopharyngeal symptoms, including sore throat, hoarseness, dysphagia, and cough, were assessed at 1, 24, and 48 h after surgery. All patients were placed successfully with an endotracheal tube or a flexible reinforced LMA. The postoperative incidence and severity of sore throat (25 vs. 33 at 24 h, p = 0.035, 17 vs. 28 at 48 h, p = 0.017; 50 [0-100] vs. 80 [20-100] at 1 h, p = 0.002; 30 [0-80] vs. 50 [0-100] at 24 h, p < 0.001; 0 [0-40] vs. 30 [0-90] at 48 h, p < 0.001) and hoarseness were lower in group L than in group E. At 48 h postoperatively, dysphagia (p = 0.005) and cough (p = 0.028) occurred less frequently in group L than in group E patients. A flexible reinforced LMA placed during surgery decreases the incidence and severity of laryngopharyngeal symptoms and is a feasible anesthetic tool compared with a conventional endotracheal tube for thyroidectomy.
    World Journal of Surgery 10/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Post-operative sore throat (POST) is an undesirable side effect of endotracheal intubation. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures have been utilized for minimizing the morbidity caused by POST. We have tested use of Strepsils lozenges in providing efficacy for decreasing POST in smokers presenting for surgery under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation.
    Saudi journal of anaesthesia. 04/2014; 8(2):244-8.

Full-text

View
3 Downloads
Available from