The effect of the humidifier on sore throat and cough after thyroidectomy

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
Korean journal of anesthesiology 12/2011; 61(6):470-4. DOI: 10.4097/kjae.2011.61.6.470
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was performed to determine the effects of a humidifier with heated wire circuits on the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat (POST) and cough after thyroidectomy.
A total of 61 patients scheduled for elective thyroid surgery under general anesthesia were included in this prospective study. We randomized the patients in to two groups, "without active warming and humidification" (Group C) and "using a heated humidifier" (Group H). The patients were interviewed to obtain the POST and cough scores at 1, 6, 24 and 48 hours after thyroidectomy.
The incidence of POST was significantly lower in Group H compared to Group C at 6 hours (57% vs 84%, P = 0.041), 24 hours (37% vs 65%, P = 0.045), and 48 hours (10% vs 52%, P = 0.001). Also the incidence of cough was significantly lower in Group H at 6 hours (27% vs 71%, P = 0.001), 24 hours (13% vs 45%, P = 0.015), and 48 hours (7% vs 32%, P = 0.028). The severity of POST was significantly lower in Group H at all times. In addition, the severity of cough was lower in Group H at other times except at 1 hour.
This result suggests that an active humidification of inspired gases may have the appreciable effect on reducing the incidence and severity of sore throat and cough after thyroid surgery using the endotracheal tube.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Post-operative sore throat (POST) is an undesirable side effect of endotracheal intubation. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures have been utilized for minimizing the morbidity caused by POST. We have tested use of Strepsils lozenges in providing efficacy for decreasing POST in smokers presenting for surgery under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation.Materials and Methods:100 patients, 20-65 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II, either sex, history of smoking, posted for elective surgical procedure of more than 1 hour, requiring general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation were included and randomly divided into groups (n = 50) to receive Strepsils (Group A) and sugar candy (Group B). The patients were assessed for cough, sore throat, and hoarseness of voice after extubation, 30 min, 12 hrs, and 24 hrs after extubation.Results:At extubation no cough was seen in 39 (78%) patients (group A) compared to 23 (46%) patients (Group B), and mild cough in 22% (Group A) and 52% (Group B). Incidence of sore throat at extubation was lower in group A compared to Group B (P = 0.04). At other times of observations (30 min,12 hrs and 24 hrs) there was a significant decrease in incidence of sore throat in Group A compared to Group B (P = 0.000). Hoarseness of voice was not observed in any patient in either group.Conclusions:Use of preoperative Strepsils lozenges decreases incidence of POST and maybe utilized as a simple and cost-effective measure for decreasing the symptoms of POST and increasing the satisfaction of patients.
    04/2014; 8(2):244-8. DOI:10.4103/1658-354X.130737
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Postoperative sore throat (POST) is one of the main postoperative complaints. This study was to evaluate the efficacy of budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) in reducing the incidence and severity of POST. One hundred and twenty patients scheduled for thyroid surgery with general anesthesia were enrolled and randomized into three groups. Group A received 200 mcg BIS 10 min prior to the tracheal intubation and received the same treatment 6 and 24 h after extubation. Group B received 200 mcg BIS 6 and 24 h after extubation. Control group received the same scheduled treatment as Group A, but the BIS was replaced with 2 ml normal saline. The patients were evaluated for sore throat and hoarseness 1, 24 and 48 h after extubation. The status of laryngopharynx was also recorded. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of sore throat among three groups. However, hoarseness occurred significantly less frequently in Group A (P < 0.05). One hour after extubation, Group A exhibited significantly less severe sore throat and hoarseness compared to the other two groups (P < 0.05), which disappeared 24 h later. The mucositis scores of laryngopharynx at 1, 24 and 48 h post-extubation were significantly lower in Group A (P < 0.05). BIS can reduce the incidence and severity of the POST prophylactically.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 02/2014; 271(6). DOI:10.1007/s00405-014-2896-7 · 1.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a frequent complication caused by mucosal trauma to the pharyngeal, laryngeal, and tracheal airway after endotracheal intubation. We compared the effectiveness of Siccoral, Strefen, and Stomatovis treatments in alleviating POST. This prospective, randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial compares the incidence of POST with Strefen lozenges, Siccoral spray, or Stomatovis gargle. Three hundred and twenty American Society of Anesthesiologists class I-III patients undergoing elective genitourinary surgery under general orotracheal anesthesia were randomly allocated to four groups of 80 patients each. In the postoperative awakening unit and during related services, POST was evaluated by a blinded anesthesiologist at 0, 1, 6, and 24 h post extubation. The highest incidence of POST occured at 0 and 1 h post extubation in all groups (P = 0.002 × 10(-7), P = 0.004 × 10(-6), respectively). A significantly lower incidence of POST was observed in Strefen and Siccoral groups at 0 and 1 h compared to Control group (Strefen: P = 0.004 × 10(-2), P = 0.007 × 10(-4); Siccoral: P = 0.003 × 10(-8), P = 0.007 × 10(-5), respectively). A significantly lower incidence of POST was observed with Siccoral treatment at 0 h post extubation (P = 0.002 vs. Strefen treatment). Although POST incidence was not significantly different between the Stomatovis and Control groups, it was lower in the Stomatovis group at 0 and 1 h (P = 0.026 and 0.013, respectively). The incidence of POST was similar in all groups at 6 and 24 h post extubation (P = 0.141 and 0.426, respectively). Siccoral and Strefen can be effective in relieving POST in the early hours after extubation.
    Journal of Anesthesia 11/2013; 28(4). DOI:10.1007/s00540-013-1749-7 · 1.12 Impact Factor

Preview (2 Sources)

Available from