[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have reviewed, retrospectively, 66 adult patients who were treated for lumbar or lumbosacral tuberculosis. A total of 45 had a paravertebral or epidural abscess, 24 had clinical instability and 18 presented with a radiculopathy, of which six also had a motor deficit. The diagnosis was usually made on clinical and radiological grounds and they were followed up until there were clinical and radiological signs of full recovery. Conservative treatment with antituberculous drugs was successful in 55 patients (83%). None had persistent instability, radiculopathy or neurological compromise. We feel that tuberculous spondylodiscitis, especially in the lumbar spine, can usually be satisfactorily managed conservatively and that there are few indications for surgical treatment.
The Bone & Joint Journal 06/2002; 84(4):530-4. DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.84B4.12363 · 3.31 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and objective
To analyze the characteristics of bone and joint tuberculosis in a Spanish university hospital.
Patients and method
Retrospective study (1984-2006) in a university hospital. All patients had microbiologically and/or histologically proved osteoarticular tuberculosis. Patients with clinical and radiological criteriae, positive tuberculin test responding to antituberculous treatment were not excluded despite negative cultures.
We attended 53 patients with osteoarticular tuberculosis (35 males/18 females; mean age: 52 years). Bone tuberculosis involved axial skeleton in 37 patients (71%), peripheral distribution in 12 (21%) and both locations in 4 (8%). Mean time to diagnosis was 8 months. Most common involved joints were knee and ankle. An extraarticular involvement was found in 12 patients (22%) and multifocal bone infection in 6 (11%). Risk factors were present in 22 patients (42%), and 15% were immigrants. The diagnosis was established by a positive culture in 40 cases (75%), and 33 (62%) had suggestive histology. Complications of tuberculosis included medullar compression (9.4%), abscess (12%) and fistulae (9.4%). Spine involvement required surgical intervention in 27% and peripheral involvement in 56%. Curation was achieved in 33 patients (62.3%), curation with secuelae in 19 cases (35.9%) and no consolidation of arthrodesis in one case.
Bone and joint tuberculosis is still common in our area and should be particularly considered in immigrants. Diagnosis delay is remarkable. Complications are present in one third of patients. Surgical treatment is often required.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in isolated solitary vertebral body tuberculosis. Also to emphasize tuberculosis as an important entity, besides neoplasms, in the differential diagnosis of pathologies involving a single vertebral body.
The clinical and imaging features of seven patients (four men and three women; age range 18-60 years), with proved solitary vertebral body tuberculosis were retrospectively studied.
Isolated solitary vertebral body tuberculosis is seen in only 1.69% of the total proven cases of spine tuberculosis seen in our institute between 1993 and 2002. All patients presented with constitutional symptoms and localized pain and tenderness. MRI showed decreased signal intensity on T1-weighted images and increased signal intensity on T2-weighted images. Cortical break was seen in three patients of whom epidural and pre-vertebral extensions were seen in one each.
Although tuberculosis affecting a solitary vertebral body is rare it should be considered as an important differential diagnosis, besides neoplasms. In these cases MRI serves as the best imaging technique available for diagnosis. However, confirmation can only be made on histopathology or culture of the specimen.
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