Whole-genome sequences of Borrelia bissettii, Borrelia valaisiana, and Borrelia spielmanii.
ABSTRACT It has been known for decades that human Lyme disease is caused by the three spirochete species Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia afzelii, and Borrelia garinii. Recently, Borrelia valaisiana, Borrelia spielmanii, and Borrelia bissettii have been associated with Lyme disease. We report the complete genome sequences of B. valaisiana VS116, B. spielmanii A14S, and B. bissettii DN127.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Benjamin Luft, May 15, 2015
SourceAvailable from: Oleg Mediannikov[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In Africa, relapsing fever borreliae are neglected vector-borne pathogens that cause mild to deadly septicemia and miscarriage. Screening vectors for the presence of borreliae currently requires technically demanding, time- and resource-consuming molecular methods. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) has recently emerged as a tool for the rapid identification of vectors and the identification of cultured borreliae. We investigated whether MALDI-TOF-MS could detect relapsing fever borreliae directly in ticks.PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 07/2014; 8(7):e2984. DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002984 · 4.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The discovery of Borrelia species that were related to the agents of relapsing fever but were transmitted by hard ticks rather than soft ticks challenged previous taxonomies based largely on microbe-host specificities and geographic considerations. One of these newly-identified organisms is the Borrelia miyamotoi sensu lato strain LB-2001 from North America and transmitted by Ixodes scapularis. This or related strains have been identified as the cause of human disease, but comparatively little is known about their biology or genetics. Using recently acquired chromosome sequence of LB-2001 together with database sequences and additional sequences determined here, I carried out comparisons of the several species of Borrelia, including those in the two major clades: the relapsing fever group of species and the Lyme disease group of species. Phylogenetic inference at the species level was based on four data sets: whole chromosomes of ∼1 Mb each, and concatenated sequences of 19 ribosomal protein genes, 3 conserved nucleic acid enzymes (rpoC, recC, and dnaE), and 4 contiguous genes for nucleotide salvage on a large plasmid. Analyses using neighbor-joining, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian methods were largely concordant for each of the trees. They showed that LB-2001 and related hard tick-associated organisms, like B. lonestari, are deeply positioned within the RF group of species and that these organisms did not, as some earlier estimations had suggested, constitute a paraphyletic group. The analyses also provided further evidence that major changes in host ranges and life cycles, such as hard to soft ticks or vice versa, may not correlate well with overall sequence differences. The genetic differences between LB-2001 and B. miyamotoi sensu stricto justify provisional use of the "sensu lato" designation for LB-2001.Infection, genetics and evolution: journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases 05/2014; 27. DOI:10.1016/j.meegid.2014.04.022 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Lyme disease, caused by bacteria of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, is the most frequent tick-borne infection in Eurasia. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of the Borrelia valaisiana Tom 4006 and Borrelia afzelii Tom 3107 strains isolated from Ixodes persulcatus ticks in western Siberia. Copyright © 2014 Kurilshikov et al.Genome Announcements 11/2014; 2(6). DOI:10.1128/genomeA.01315-14