Toward healthy aging through empowering self-care during the climacteric stage.
ABSTRACT Background While they progress through the climacteric stage, women often develop physical and psychological health needs, calling for innovative health-care services that can be translated into preventive programs and empowerment towards self-care. Objective To identify the changes in women's discourse regarding their concerns and needs about the climacteric stage and self-care after they had participated in an integrative women-centered health-care model with empowerment for self-care. Methods Women's narratives during counseling group sessions were analyzed using qualitative inductive thematic analysis. Results A total of 121 women between 45 and 59 years of age participated. At the beginning of the counseling group sessions, we identified the following themes: (1) Lack of information about changes during the climacteric stage and self-care; (2) Tradition: the climacteric stage as a taboo subject; (3) Life's changes and transitions: the complexity of the climacteric experience; (4) Stigma of menopause; (5) Relationship between the traditional gender role and the lack of self-care. At the end of the counseling group sessions, the themes were: (1) The climacteric as a natural stage; (2) Expectations for old age; (3) Empowerment and the change of awareness for self-care; (3) De-medicalization of the climacteric; (4) The richness of group work; (5) Empowerment as motivation to convey acquired knowledge. Conclusion Women in the climacteric stage require more information about their physical, psychological and social needs, as well as the potential impact on their health during old age. Empowerment during the climacteric can contribute to improving the perception about this stage as well as the importance of self-care.
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ABSTRACT: Menopause is described as a period of psychological difficulties that changes the lifestyle of women in multiple ways. Menopausal women require more information about their physical and psychosocial needs. Empowerment during the menopause can contribute to improving the perception of this stage and the importance of self-care. It is essential to increase women's awareness and adaptation to menopause, using empowerment programs. The aim of this study was to review the empowerment and coping strategies in menopause women. In this review, PubMed, EMBASE, ISI, and Iranian databases were scanned for relevant literature. A comprehensive search was performed, using the combinations of the keywords "empowerment, menopause, coping with" to review relevant literature and higher education journals. Most interventions for menopause women have focused on educational intervention, physical activity/exercise, healthy diet, stress management, healthy behaviors, preventing certain diseases and osteoporosis. Health education intervention strategy is one of the alternative strategies for improving women's attitudes and coping with menopause symptoms, identified as severalof the subcategories of health promotion programs. Empowerment of menopausal women will guarantee their health during the last third of their life. It will also help them benefit from their final years of reproductive life. The results of the present study can pave the way for future research about women's health promotion and empowerment.03/2015; 17(3). DOI:10.5812/ircmj.18944
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ABSTRACT: Objectives To evaluate an integrative health-care model (IHCM) with an empowerment approach for self-care in terms of improving health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and lifestyle. Methods We conducted a field trial with one intervention (IHCM) and one comparison group receiving usual care (UC), with ex ante and ex post measurements. The IHCM was provided for 3 months to each woman in the first group, with follow-up of both groups at 3 and 6 months. The differences in differences estimator was used to assess the effect of intervention, adjusting for clinically important covariates in the framework of a generalized linear regression model. Results A total of 380 women (IHCM 190 and UC 190) participated in the study. The differences in differences estimator between IHCM and UC for aerobic physical activity was 81 and 87 min/week at 3 and 6 months, respectively; for consumption of dairy products, fruit and vegetables the estimator was 4.8, 6.6 and 9.4 servings per week respectively at 3 months, and 3.9, 6.3 and 9.7 servings at 6 months. The effect of IHCM on HR-QoL at 3 months was greater for the domains of vasomotor, somatic symptoms and sleep problems (11.7, 10.0 and 13.2 points, respectively); at 6 months the differences of major positive change were observed in the domains of memory/concentration, vasomotor symptoms and sleep problems (12.2, 10.4 and 10.8 points, respectively). Conclusion The results support the importance of patient-centered health care during the climacteric stage, within integrative care programs with an empowerment approach.Climacteric 11/2012; DOI:10.3109/13697137.2012.720621 · 2.24 Impact Factor