Exactly solvable pairing Hamiltonian for heavy nuclei

Physical Review C (Impact Factor: 3.72). 09/2011; 84. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.84.061301
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We present a new exactly solvable Hamiltonian with a separable pairing
interaction and non-degenerate single-particle energies. It is derived from the
hyperbolic family of Richardson-Gaudin models and possesses two free
parameters, one related to an interaction cutoff and the other to the pairing
strength. These two parameters can be adjusted to give an excellent
reproduction of Gogny self-consistent mean-field calculations in the canonical

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    ABSTRACT: We study the Bethe Ansatz/Ordinary Differential Equation (BA/ODE) correspondence for Bethe Ansatz equations that belong to a certain class of coupled, nonlinear, algebraic equations. Through this approach we numerically obtain the generalised Heine-Stieltjes and Van Vleck polynomials in the degenerate, two-level limit for four cases of exactly solvable Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) pairing models. These are the s-wave pairing model, the p+ip-wave pairing model, the p+ip pairing model coupled to a bosonic molecular pair degree of freedom, and a newly introduced extended d+id-wave pairing model with additional interactions. The zeros of the generalised Heine-Stieltjes polynomials provide solutions of the corresponding Bethe Ansatz equations. We compare the roots of the ground states with curves obtained from the solution of a singular integral equation approximation, which allows for a characterisation of ground-state phases in these systems. Our techniques also permit for the computation of the roots of the excited states. These results illustrate how the BA/ODE correspondence can be used to provide new numerical methods to study a variety of integrable systems.
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    ABSTRACT: The exact solution of the BCS pairing Hamiltonian was found by Richardson in 1963. While little attention was paid to this exactly solvable model in the remainder of the 20th century, there was a burst of work at the beginning of this century focusing on its applications in different areas of quantum physics. We review the history of this exact solution and discuss recent developments related to the Richardson-Gaudin class of integrable models, focussing on the role of these various models in nuclear physics.
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    ABSTRACT: The interplay of pairing is explored for the spectral statistics of nuclear systems with emphasis on the nearest neighbor spacing distributions by employing the kernel density and maximum likelihood estimation techniques. Different sequences prepared by all the available empirical data for low-lying energy levels of even and odd-mass nuclei in the 34 < A < 206 mass region. A deviation to more regular dynamics is apparent for even-mass nuclei in compare to odd-mass ones, and there are suggestions of effects due to unclosed proton shells on more chaotic dynamics.
    European Physical Journal Plus 06/2013; 128(6). · 1.30 Impact Factor

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