Quantization and Bit Allocation for Channel State Feedback in Relay-Assisted Wireless Networks

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (Impact Factor: 2.79). 12/2011; 61(2). DOI: 10.1109/TSP.2012.2224344
Source: arXiv


This paper investigates quantization of channel state information (CSI) and
bit allocation across wireless links in a multi-source, single-relay
cooperative cellular network. Our goal is to minimize the loss in performance,
measured as the achievable sum rate, due to limited-rate quantization of CSI.
We develop both a channel quantization scheme and allocation of limited
feedback bits to the various wireless links. We assume that the quantized CSI
is reported to a central node responsible for optimal resource allocation. We
first derive tight lower and upper bounds on the difference in rates between
the perfect CSI and quantized CSI scenarios. These bounds are then used to
derive an effective quantizer for arbitrary channel distributions. Next, we use
these bounds to optimize the allocation of bits across the links subject to a
budget on total available quantization bits. In particular, we show that the
optimal bit allocation algorithm allocates more bits to those links in the
network that contribute the most to the sum-rate. Finally, the paper
investigates the choice of the central node; we show that this choice plays a
significant role in CSI bits required to achieve a target performance level.

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