Entropic Measure for Localized Energy Configurations: Kinks, Bounces, and Bubbles
ABSTRACT We construct a configurational entropy measure in functional space. We apply
it to several nonlinear scalar field models featuring solutions with
spatially-localized energy, including solitons and bounces in one spatial
dimension, and critical bubbles in three spatial dimensions, typical of
first-order phase transitions. Such field models are of widespread interest in
many areas of physics, from high energy and cosmology to condensed matter.
Using a variational approach, we show that the higher the energy of a trial
function that approximates the actual solution, the higher its relative
configurational entropy, defined as the absolute difference between the
configurational entropy of the actual solution and of the trial function.
Furthermore, we show that when different trial functions have degenerate
energies, the configurational entropy can be used to select the best fit to the
actual solution. The configurational entropy relates the dynamical and
informational content of physical models with localized energy configurations.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Marcelo Gleiser, Jun 20, 2015
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ABSTRACT: We investigate the rich nonlinear dynamics during the end of hilltop inflation by numerically solving the coupled Klein-Gordon-Friedmann equations in a expanding universe. In particular, we search for coherent, nonperturbative configurations that may emerge due to the combination of nontrivial couplings between the fields and resonant effects from the cosmological expansion. We couple a massless field to the inflaton to investigate its effect on the existence and stability of coherent configurations and the effective equation of state at reheating. For parameters consistent with data from the Planck and WMAP satellites, and for a wide range of couplings between the inflaton and the massless field, we identify a transition from disorder to order characterized by emergent oscillon-like configurations. We verify that these configurations can contribute a maximum of roughly 30% of the energy density in the universe. At late times their contribution to the energy density drops to about 3%, but they remain long-lived on cosmological time-scales, being stable throughout our simulations. Cosmological oscillon emergence is described using a new measure of order in field theory known as relative configurational entropy.Physical Review D 01/2014; 89(8). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.89.083502 · 4.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We investigate the existence and properties of kink-like solitons in a class of models with two interacting scalar fields. In particular, we focus on models that display both double and single-kink solutions, treatable analytically using the Bogomol'nyi--Prasad--Sommerfield bound (BPS). Such models are of interest in applications that include Skyrmions and various superstring-motivated theories. Exploring a region of parameter space where the energy for very different spatially-bound configurations is degenerate, we show that a newly-proposed momentum-space entropic measure called Configurational Entropy (CE) can distinguish between such energy-degenerate spatial profiles. This information-theoretic measure of spatial complexity provides a complementary perspective to situations where strictly energy-based arguments are inconclusive.Physics Letters B 08/2014; 737. DOI:10.1016/j.physletb.2014.09.002 · 6.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We propose a measure of order in the context of nonequilibrium field theory and argue that this measure, which we call relative configurational entropy (RCE), may be used to quantify the emergence of coherent low-entropy configurations, such as time-dependent or time-independent topological and nontopological spatially-extended structures. As an illustration, we investigate the nonequilibrium dynamics of spontaneous symmetry-breaking in three spatial dimensions. In particular, we focus on a model where a real scalar field, prepared initially in a symmetric thermal state, is quenched to a broken-symmetric state. For a certain range of initial temperatures, spatially-localized, long-lived structures known as oscillons emerge in synchrony and remain until the field reaches equilibrium again. We show that the RCE correlates with the number-density of oscillons, thus offering a quantitative measure of the emergence of nonperturbative spatiotemporal patterns that can be generalized to a variety of physical systems.Physical review D: Particles and fields 05/2012; 86(4). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.86.045004 · 4.86 Impact Factor