Follicular growth-stimulated cows provide favorable oocytes for producing cloned embryos.
ABSTRACT We examined the influence of recipient oocytes on in vitro development, oxygen consumption, and gene expression in the resulting cloned bovine embryos. Oocytes derived from slaughterhouse ovaries and ovum pickup (OPU)-derived oocytes were used as recipient cytoplasts for the production of cloned embryos. A series of OPU sessions was conducted on Holstein cows without follicular growth treatment (FGT). In the same cows, we then performed dominant follicle ablation and subsequently administered follicle-stimulating hormone and prostaglandin F(2α) with controlled internal drug release device before a second series of OPU. Cumulus cells collected from single Holstein cows were used as donor cells. After measurement of oxygen consumption at the blastocyst stage with modified scanning electrochemical microscopy, analysis of 10 genes (CDX2, IFN-tau, PLAC8, OCT4, SOX2, NANOG, ATP5A1, GLUT1, AKR1B1, and IGF2R) was performed with real-time RT-PCR. Rates of fusion, cleavage, and blastocyst formation were not different among the treatment groups. Levels of oxygen consumption in cloned blastocysts derived from slaughterhouse ovaries or OPU without FGT were significantly lower than in blastocysts derived from artificial insemination (AI). However, oxygen consumption was increased in cloned blastocysts derived from OPU with FGT, depending on the individual oocyte donor. Furthermore, gene expression of IFN-tau and OCT4 in cloned blastocysts derived from OPU with FGT was similar to that in AI-derived blastocysts, whereas expression of those genes in cloned blastocysts derived from slaughterhouse ovaries or OPU without FGT was significantly different from that in AI-derived blastocysts. Thus, recipient oocytes collected by OPU in combination with manipulation of follicular growth in donor cows are suitable for producing cloned embryos.
- SourceAvailable from: Kei Imai[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Conventionally, in vitro-fertilized (IVF) bovine embryos are morphologically evaluated at the time of embryo transfer to select those that are likely to establish a pregnancy. This method is, however, subjective and results in unreliable selection. Here we describe a novel selection system for IVF bovine blastocysts for transfer that traces the development of individual embryos with time-lapse cinematography in our developed microwell culture dish and analyzes embryonic metabolism. The system can noninvasively identify prognostic factors that reflect not only blastocyst qualities detected with histological, cytogenetic, and molecular analysis but also viability after transfer. By assessing a combination of identified prognostic factors--(i) timing of the first cleavage; (ii) number of blastomeres at the end of the first cleavage; (iii) presence or absence of multiple fragments at the end of the first cleavage; (iv) number of blastomeres at the onset of lag-phase, which results in temporary developmental arrest during the fourth or fifth cell cycle; and (v) oxygen consumption at the blastocyst stage--pregnancy success could be accurately predicted (78.9%). The conventional method or individual prognostic factors could not accurately predict pregnancy. No newborn calves showed neonatal overgrowth or death. Our results demonstrate that these five predictors and our system could provide objective and reliable selection of healthy IVF bovine embryos.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(5):e36627. · 3.73 Impact Factor