Article

# Light Sterile Neutrino in the Minimal Extended Seesaw

Physics Letters B (Impact Factor: 6.02). 10/2011; DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2012.06.074
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Motivated by the recent observations on sterile neutrinos, we present a
minimal extension of the canonical type-I seesaw by adding one extra singlet
fermion. After the decoupling of right-handed neutrinos, an eV-scale mass
eigenstate is obtained without the need of artificially inserting tiny mass
scales or Yukawa couplings for sterile neutrinos. In particular, the
active-sterile mixing is predicted to be of the order of 0.1. Moreover, we show
a concrete flavor A_4 model, in which the required structures of the minimal
extended seesaw are realized. We also comment on the feasibility of
accommodating a keV sterile neutrino as an attractive candidate for warm dark
matter.

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ABSTRACT: We propose a new production mechanism for keV sterile neutrino Dark Matter. In our setting, we assume the existence of a scalar singlet particle which never entered thermal equilibrium in the early Universe, since it only couples to the Standard Model fields by a really small Higgs portal interaction. For suitable values of this coupling, the scalar can undergo the so-called freeze-in process, and in this way be efficiently produced in the early Universe. These scalars can then decay into keV sterile neutrinos and produce the correct Dark Matter abundance. While similar settings in which the scalar does enter thermal equilibrium and then freezes out have been studied previously, the mechanism proposed here is new and represents a versatile extension of the known case. We perform a detailed numerical calculation of the DM production using a set of coupled Boltzmann equations, and we illustrate the successful regions in the parameter space. Our production mechanism notably can even work in models where active-sterile mixing is completely absent.
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