Transport in Anisotropic Superfluids: A Holographic Description

Journal of High Energy Physics (Impact Factor: 5.62). 09/2011; DOI: 10.1007/JHEP01(2012)059
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We study transport phenomena in p-wave superfluids in the context of
gauge/gravity duality. Due to the spacetime anisotropy of this system, the
tensorial structure of the transport coefficients is non-trivial in contrast to
the isotropic case. In particular, there is an additional shear mode which
leads to a non-universal value of the shear viscosity even in an Einstein
gravity setup. In this paper, we present a complete study of the helicity two
and helicity one fluctuation modes. In addition to the non-universal shear
viscosity, we also investigate the thermoelectric effect, i.e. the mixing of
electric and heat current. Moreover, we also find an additional effect due to
the anisotropy, the so-called flexoelectric effect.

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    ABSTRACT: We complete the analysis of transport phenomena in p-wave superfluids within gauge/gravity duality, using the SU(2) Einstein-Yang-Mills model with backreaction. In particular, we analyze the fluctuation modes of helicity zero in addition to the helicity one and two modes studied earlier. We compute a further transport coefficient, associated to the first normal stress difference, not previously considered in the holographic context. In the unbroken phase this is related to a minimally coupled scalar on the gravity side. Moreover we find transport phenomena related to the thermoelectric and piezoelectric effects, in particular in the direction of the condensate, as well as the flexoelectric effect. These are similar to phenomena observed in condensed matter systems.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 12/2012; 2013(4). · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compute all the second order transport coefficients of a hydrodynamic theory with a gravity dual which includes a Gauss-Bonnet term. We find that a particular linear combination of the second order transport coefficients, which was found to vanish in generic two derivative gravity theories with matter, remains zero even in the presence of the Gauss-Bonnet term. We contrast this behavior with the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 11/2012; 2013(4). · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We holographically compute supercharge diffusion constants in supersymmetric field theories, dual to AdS black brane solutions of arbitrary dimension. This includes the extension of earlier work by Kontoudi and Policastro for D3-branes to M2- and M5-brane theories. We consider the case of vanishing chemical potential. In particular, we relate the product of a diffusion constant and the energy density to a universal result for the fermionic absorption cross section. This relation is analogous to the famous proof of universality of $\eta / s$. We calculate the diffusion constants in two different ways: First, the computation is performed via the low frequency, low momentum pole of the correlator of supersymmetry currents. This pole describes the hydrodynamic phonino mode, the massless Goldstone fermion of spontaneous supersymmetry breaking by temperature. Second, the calculation is carried out using the dual transversal mode of the bulk gravitino, with the help of a new Kubo formula. Moreover, we provide some evidence for the applicability of generalized dimensional reduction for fermions when computing the corresponding D$p$-brane diffusion constants.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 02/2013; 2013(7). · 5.62 Impact Factor

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