Strongly correlated photons on a chip

Nature Photonics (Impact Factor: 29.96). 08/2011; 6(2). DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2011.321
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Optical non-linearities at the single-photon level are key ingredients for
future photonic quantum technologies. Prime candidates for the realization of
strong photon-photon interactions necessary for implementing quantum
information processing tasks as well as for studying strongly correlated
photons in an integrated photonic device setting are quantum dots embedded in
photonic crystal nanocavities. Here, we report strong quantum correlations
between photons on picosecond timescales. We observe (a) photon antibunching
upon resonant excitation of the lowest-energy polariton state, proving that the
first cavity photon blocks the subsequent injection events, and (b) photon
bunching when the laser field is in two-photon resonance with the polariton
eigenstates of the second Jaynes-Cummings manifold, demonstrating that two
photons at this color are more likely to be injected into the cavity jointly,
than they would otherwise. Together,these results demonstrate unprecedented
strong single-photon non-linearities, paving the way for realizing a
single-photon transistor or a quantum optical Josephson interferometer.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Self-assembled, epitaxially-grown InAs/GaAs quantum dots are promising semiconductor quantum emitters that can be integrated on a chip for a variety of photonic quantum information science applications. However, self-assembled growth results in an essentially random in-plane spatial distribution of quantum dots, presenting a challenge in creating devices that exploit the strong interaction of single quantum dots with highly confined optical modes. Here, we present a photoluminescence imaging approach for locating single quantum dots with respect to alignment features with an average (minimum) position uncertainty < 30 nm (< 10 nm), which represents an enabling technology for the creation of optimized single quantum dot devices. To that end, we create quantum dot single-photon sources, based on a circular Bragg grating geometry, that simultaneously exhibit high collection efficiency (48 % +/- 5 % into a 0.4 numerical aperture lens, close to the theoretically predicted value of 50 %), low multiphoton probability (g(2)(0) <1 %), and a significant Purcell enhancement factor (~ 3).
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We provide a complete and exact quantum description of coherent light scattering in a one-dimensional multi-mode transmission line coupled to a two-level emitter. Using recently developed scattering approach we discuss transmission properties, power spectrum, the full counting statistics and the entanglement entropy of transmitted and reflected states of light. Our approach takes into account spatial parameters of an incident coherent pulse as well as waiting and counting times of a detector. We describe time evolution of the power spectrum as well as observe deviations from the Poissonian statistics for reflected and transmitted fields. In particular, the statistics of reflected photons can change from sub-Poissonian to super-Poissonian for increasing values of the detuning, while the statistics of transmitted photons is strictly super-Poissonian in all parametric regimes. We study the entanglement entropy of some spatial part of the scattered pulse and observe that it obeys the area laws and that it is bounded by the maximal entropy of the effective four-level system.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper we study the possibility of modifying the optical properties of nanocomposites based on CdS quantum dots embedded in a silicate matrix, in their interaction with the laser radiation. It was found that the action of laser radiation leads to local change in the refractive index of the nanocomposite, the dynamics of which depends on the exposure conditions..
    Solid State Phenomena 03/2014; 213:186-191. DOI:10.4028/

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 23, 2014