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**ABSTRACT:**Interferometric observations have revealed that the rapid rotator Altair is a flattened star with a non-centrally symmetric intensity distribution. In this work we perform for the first time a physically consistent analysis of all interferometric data available so far, corresponding to three different interferometers operating in several spectral bands. These observations include new data (squared visibilities in the H and K bands from VLTI-VINCI) as well as previously published data (squared visibilities in the K band from PTI and squared visibilities, triple amplitudes, and closure phases in the visible between 520 nm and 850 nm from NPOI). To analyze these data we perform a chi2 minimization using an interferometry-oriented model for fast rotators, which includes Roche approximation, limb-darkening, and von Zeipel-like gravity-darkening. Thanks to the rich interferometric data set available and to this physical model, the main uniqueness problems were avoided. As a result, we show that the observations can only be explained if Altair has a gravity-darkening compatible with the expected value for hot stars, i.e., the von Zeipel effect (T_eff∝ g0.25).Astronomy and Astrophysics 01/2005; 442(2):567-578. · 5.08 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**This paper presents a method to determine effective temperatures, angular semi-diameters and bolometric corrections for population I and II FGK type stars based on V and 2MASS IR photometry. Accurate calibration is accomplished by using a sample of solar analogues, whose average temperature is assumed to be equal to the solar effective temperature of 5777 K. By taking into account all possible sources of error we estimate associated uncertainties better than 1% in effective temperature and in the range 1.0-2.5% in angular semi-diameter for unreddened stars. Comparison of our new temperatures with other determinations extracted from the literature indicates, in general, remarkably good agreement. These results suggest that the effective temperaure scale of FGK stars is currently established with an accuracy better than 0.5%-1%. The application of the method to a sample of 10999 dwarfs in the Hipparcos catalogue allows us to define temperature and bolometric correction (K band) calibrations as a function of (V-K), [m/H] and log g. Bolometric corrections in the V and K bands as a function of effective temperature, [m/H] and log g are also given. We provide effective temperatures, angular semi-diameters, radii and bolometric corrections in the V and K bands for the 10999 FGK stars in our sample with the corresponding uncertainties. Comment: 14 pages, 14 figures, accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Table 3 available at http://www.am.ub.es/~emasana/paper2006aAstronomy and Astrophysics 01/2006; · 5.08 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**The nearby high-mass star binary system Theta 1 Orionis C is the brightest and most massive of the Trapezium OB stars at the core of the Orion Nebula Cluster, and it represents a perfect laboratory to determine the fundamental parameters of young hot stars and to constrain the distance of the Orion Trapezium Cluster. Between January 2007 and March 2008, we observed T1OriC with VLTI/AMBER near-infrared (H- and K-band) long-baseline interferometry, as well as with bispectrum speckle interferometry with the ESO 3.6m and the BTA 6m telescopes (B'- and V'-band). Combining AMBER data taken with three different 3-telescope array configurations, we reconstructed the first VLTI/AMBER closure-phase aperture synthesis image, showing the T1OriC system with a resolution of approx. 2 mas. To extract the astrometric data from our spectrally dispersed AMBER data, we employed a new algorithm, which fits the wavelength-differential visibility and closure phase modulations along the H- and K-band and is insensitive to calibration errors induced, for instance, by changing atmospheric conditions. Our new astrometric measurements show that the companion has nearly completed one orbital revolution since its discovery in 1997. The derived orbital elements imply a short-period (P=11.3 yrs) and high-eccentricity orbit (e=0.6) with periastron passage around 2002.6. The new orbit is consistent with recently published radial velocity measurements, from which we can also derive the first direct constraints on the mass ratio of the binary components. We employ various methods to derive the system mass (M_system=44+/-7 M_sun) and the dynamical distance (d=410+/-20 pc), which is in remarkably good agreement with recently published trigonometric parallax measurements obtained with radio interferometry. Comment: 15 pages, 15 figures, accepted by A&AAstronomy and Astrophysics 02/2009; · 5.08 Impact Factor

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