Trans-arterial chemoembolization of metastatic colorectal carcinoma to the liver adopting DC Bead®, drug-eluting bead loaded with irinotecan: results of a phase II clinical study.
ABSTRACT Trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a promising locoregional therapy for the treatment of primary hepatic tumors and liver metastases. The aim of the study was to define the activity and outcome of using DC Bead, drug-eluting bead, a spherical embolic device capable of being loaded with irinotecan.
We conducted a double institutional, single arm, phase II clinical study to evaluate TACE adopting this device in 82 patients presenting with metastatic colorectal carcinoma to the liver after failing chemotherapy. The primary endpoints were tumor shrinkage, safety, feasibility, compliance, and overall survival. RECIST criteria were used to assess responses. Quality of life (QoL) was addressed using Edmonton SAS improvement scale.
Out of 103 patients considered, 82 were enrolled and underwent a total of 185 treatments of TACE. The median number of TACE was 2.2 (1-4). A post-embolization syndrome was frequently observed. Adverse observed effects were: right upper quadrant pain (40%), fever (80%), nausea (27%) and increased transaminases (70%). The median follow-up was 29 months. Within one month after treatment, each patient received a computed tomograpic scan. It showed reduction of metastatic contrast enhancement in all patients. Responses were 78% at 3 months. After the first treatment, 75 out 82 patients declared an improvement of their well being lasting more than 18 weeks. The median duration of response was 6 (range 3-10) months; the median follow up was 29 (range 7-48) months. The median survival was 25 (range 6-34) months, with progression free survival at 8 (range 4-16) months.
We suggest that TACE adopting DC Bead®, drug-eluting bead loaded with irinotecan could be proposed as palliative therapy for unresectable and chemotherapy resistant liver metastases from CRC.
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ABSTRACT: Liver-directed therapies are continuing to evolve in the field of interventional oncology and are gaining increasing use in the treatment of unresectable primary and secondary liver cancers. In this article, we review two liver-directed therapies that are currently used for the palliative treatment of primary and secondary hepatic tumours: transcatheter arterial chemoembolisation (TACE), including a new type of TACE with drug-eluting beads (DEB-TACE), and radioembolisation. The concept of these transcatheter intraarterial therapies is to selectively deliver high doses of anticancer treatment to the tumour. While TACE delivers one or more chemotherapeutic drugs into the hepatic arteries supplying the tumour, radioembolisation uses non-embolic microspheres incorporating the radioactive isotope (90) Y. In this article, we discuss some technical aspects, patient selection, current clinical evidence, and future directions of TACE, TACE with drug-eluting beads (DEB-TACE) and radioembolisation for primary and secondary liver cancer.Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology 03/2014; · 0.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Over the past 30 years, the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer to the liver has undergone major changes. Once considered terminal and incurable, the prognosis of patients with colorectal hepatic metastases has seen dramatic improvements using modern multimodality therapy and now long-term survival and even cure are possible in some patients. Despite the advances seen in systemic therapy, hepatic resection offers the longest survival potential and remains the only curative option. Based on long-term outcomes and the improved safety of hepatic resection using modern operative techniques and critical care support, an aggressive locoregional approach to colorectal hepatic metastasis has become the standard of care. This article focuses on the management of colorectal hepatic metastases and highlights the importance of multimodality therapy. We also report our 18-year experience treating patients with hepatic resection for colorectal metastases.Colorectal cancer. 02/2013; 2(1):73-88.
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ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major health concern in the United States (US) with over 140,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012. The most common site for CRC metastases is the liver. Hepatic resection is the treatment of choice for colorectal liver metastases (CLM), with a 5-year survival rate ranging from 35% to 58%. Unfortunately, only about 20% of patients are eligible for resection. There are a number of options for extending resection to more advanced patients including systemic chemotherapy, portal vein embolization (PVE), two stage hepatectomy, ablation and hepatic artery infusion (HAI). There are few phase III trials comparing these treatment modalities, and choosing the right treatment is patient dependent. Treating hepatic metastases requires a multidisciplinary approach and knowledge of all treatment options as there continues to be advances in management of CLM. If a patient can undergo a treatment modality in order to increase their potential for future resection this should be the primary goal. If the patient is still deemed unresectable then treatments that lengthen disease-free and overall-survival should be pursued. These include chemotherapy, ablation, HAI, chemoembolization, radioembolization (RE) and stereotactic radiotherapy.Journal of gastrointestinal oncology 10/2014; 5(5):374-387.