Article

Characterization of human B cells in umbilical cord blood-transplanted NOD/SCID mice.

Institute of Immunology, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China.
Transplant Immunology (Impact Factor: 1.52). 12/2011; 26(2-3):156-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.trim.2011.12.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Humanized mice are crucially important for preclinical studies. However, the development and potential function of human B cells in chimeras remain unclear. Here, we describe the study of human B cells in NOD/LtSzPrkdcscid/J (NOD/SCID) mice. In this study, we transplanted 1.0×10(5) human CD34(+) cells from umbilical cord blood (UCB) into NOD/SCID mice after pretreatment with anti-asialo GM1 antiserum and sublethal irradiation. Human CD45(+) cells were detected in the peripheral blood of the recipient mice from 6 weeks after transplantation. CD19(+) B cells accounted for the greater part of the CD45(+) cells in the human UCB-chimeric mice, but their maturational stages differed in different organs. Most of the bone marrow (BM) CD19(+) cells were immature IgM(-)IgD(-)CD24(hi)CD38(hi) B cells, whereas the mature CD5(+)IgM(+)IgD(+)CD24(int)CD38(int)CD19(+) B cells were predominantly present in the spleen and peripheral blood. Human immunoglobulin (Ig) M was detected in mouse plasma. The human B cells also secreted human interleukin-10 after stimulation with LPS in vitro. These results show that human CD34(+) cells can differentiate into human B cells in NOD/SCID mice, with development and functions that are similar to those of B cell subsets in humans. The transplantation of human CD34(+) cells into NOD/SCID mice may provide a useful tool to study the development and function of human B cells.

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