Article

Blazhko RR Lyrae light curves as modulated signals

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.52). 06/2011; 417. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19313.x
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We present an analytical formalism for the description of Blazhko RR Lyrae
light curves in which employ a treatment for the amplitude and frequency
modulations in a manner similar to the theory of electronic signal
transmitting. We assume monoperiodic RR Lyrae light curves as carrier waves and
modulate their amplitude (AM), frequency (FM), phase (PM), and as a general
case we discuss simultaneous AM and FM. The main advantages of this handling
are the following: (i) The mathematical formalism naturally explains numerous
light curve characteristics found in Blazhko RR Lyrae stars such as mean
brightness variations, complicated envelope curves, non-sinusoidal frequency
variations. (ii) Our description also explains properties of the Fourier
spectra such as apparent higher-order multiplets, amplitude distribution of the
side peaks, the appearance of the modulation frequency itself and its
harmonics. In addition, comparing to the traditional method, our light curve
solutions reduce the number of necessary parameters. This formalism can be
applied to any type of modulated light curves, not just for Blazhko RR Lyrae
stars.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
127 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present the first binary modelling results for the pulsating eclipsing binary KIC 11285625, discovered by the Kepler mission. An automated method to disentangle the pulsation spectrum and the orbital variability in high quality light curves, was developed and applied. The goal was to obtain accurate orbital and component properties, in combination with essential information derived from spectroscopy. A binary model for KIC 11285625 was obtained, using a combined analysis of high-quality space-based Kepler light curves and ground-based high-resolution HERMES echelle spectra. The binary model was used to separate the pulsation characteristics from the orbital variability in the Kepler light curve in an iterative way. We used an automated procedure to perform this task, based on the JKTEBOP binary modelling code, and adapted codes for frequency analysis and prewhitening of periodic signals. Using a disentangling technique applied to the composite HERMES spectra, we obtained a higher signal-to-noise mean component spectrum for both the primary and the secondary. A model grid search method for fitting synthetic spectra was used for fundamental parameter determination for both components. Accurate orbital and component properties of KIC 11285625 were derived, and we have obtained the pulsation spectrum of the gamma Dor pulsator in the system. Detailed analysis of the pulsation spectrum revealed amplitude modulation on a time scale of a hundred days, and strong indications of frequency splittings at both the orbital frequency, and the rotational frequency derived from spectroscopy.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 06/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Blazhko effect is the conspicuous amplitude and phase modulation of the pulsation of RR Lyrae stars that was discovered in the early 20th century. The field of study of this mysterious modulation has recently been invigorated thanks to the space photometric missions providing long, uninterrupted, ultra-precise time series data. In this paper I give a brief overview of the new observational findings related to the Blazhko effect, like extreme modulations, irregular modulation cycles and additional periodicities. I argue that these findings together with dedicated ground-based efforts now provide us with a fairly complete picture and a good starting point to theoretical investigations. Indeed, new, unpredicted dynamical phenomena have been discovered in Blazhko RR Lyrae stars, such as period doubling, high-order resonances, three-mode pulsation and low-dimensional chaos. These led to the proposal of a new explanation to this century-old enigma, namely a high-order resonance between radial modes. Along these lines I present the latest efforts and advances from the theoretical point of view. Lastly, amplitude variations in Cepheids are discussed.
    09/2013;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The spectacular data delivered by NASA's {\it Kepler} mission have not only boosted the discovery of planets orbiting other stars, but they have opened a window on the inner workings of the stars themselves. For the study of the RR Lyrae stars, Kepler has led to a breakthrough. To date, over 50 RR Lyrae stars are known in the Kepler field. They are studied within the RR Lyrae/Cepheid working group of the Kepler Asteroseismic Science Consortium (KASC). This paper highlights some of the most interesting results on RR Lyrae stars obtained through Kepler so far.
    10/2013;

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
50 Downloads
Available from
May 30, 2014