Article

Yangians, S-matrices and AdS/CFT

Journal of Physics A Mathematical and Theoretical (Impact Factor: 1.77). 04/2011; 44(26). DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/44/26/263001
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT This review is meant to be an account of the properties of the
infinite-dimensional quantum group (specifically, Yangian) symmetry lying
behind the integrability of the AdS/CFT spectral problem. In passing, the
chance is taken to give a concise anthology of basic facts concerning Yangians
and integrable systems, and to store a series of remarks, observations and
proofs the author has collected in a five-year span of research on the subject.
We hope this exercise will be useful for future attempts to study Yangians in
field and string theories, with or without supersymmetry.

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    ABSTRACT: We study the Yangian of the sl(2|1) Lie superalgebra in a multi-parametric four-dimensional representation. We use Drinfeld's second realization to independently rederive the R-matrix, and to obtain the antiparticle representation, the crossing and the unitarity condition. We consistently apply the Yangian antipode and its inverse to the individual particles involved in the scattering. We explicitly find a scalar factor solving the crossing and unitarity conditions, and study the analytic structure of the resulting dressed R-matrix. The formulas we obtain bear some similarities with those familiar from the study of integrable structures in the AdS/CFT correspondence, although they present obvious crucial differences.
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