Can weed hosts increase aggressiveness of Phytophthora infestans on potato?
ABSTRACT Potato late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is a major disease in potato production throughout the world. In southern Sweden, hairy nightshade (Solanum physalifolium), an alternative non-crop host to the pathogen, is an increasing weed problem. Single-lesion leaves infected by P. infestans were collected from potato and hairy nightshade to determine phenotypic and genotypic population differentiation of P. infestans between the two hosts. Genotypic variation was estimated using microsatellites as markers. The results showed no genotypic differentiation in the samples between the two hosts. Aggressiveness tests were performed using the sampled isolates to cross-inoculate potato and hairy nightshade. The proportion of infected leaves, latency period, lesion growth rate, and sporulation capacity were measured. For isolates from hairy nightshade, the odds of infection were higher on both hosts combined. When tested on potato leaves, isolates from hairy nightshade showed a significantly shorter latency period and higher sporulation capacity compared with isolates from potato. This indicates that an alternative host can filter populations of P. infestans toward a higher aggressiveness, which could lead to increasing problems in controlling potato late blight.