Safe Criteria for Less Radical Trachelectomy in Patients with Early-Stage Cervical Cancer: A Multicenter Clinicopathologic Study
ABSTRACT To determine the safe criteria for less radical trachelectomy to treat patients with early-stage cervical cancer.
We reviewed medical records and pathologic slides of 65 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IA-IB1 cervical cancer. The safe criteria for less radical trachelectomy were determined by using three factors such as tumor size ≤ 1 cm, stromal invasion ≤ 5 mm, and no lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) for minimizing parametrial involvement, lymph node metastasis (LNM), and the need of adjuvant radiotherapy. The diagnostic values were investigated by calculating specificity, negative predictive value for no parametrial involvement, no LNM, and no need of adjuvant radiotherapy.
The median age was 32 years (range 22-44 years), and the median duration of follow-up was 26 months (range 2-103 months). Among seven single or combined factors for the safe criteria, (1) tumor size ≤ 1 cm, (2) tumor size ≤ 1 cm and stromal invasion ≤ 5 mm, (3) tumor size ≤ 1 cm and no LVSI, (4) tumor size ≤ 1 cm, stromal invasion ≤ 5 mm, and no LVSI did not show parametrial involvement, LNM, and the need of adjuvant radiotherapy. In particular, tumor size ≤ 1 cm showed the highest specificity (28.1-29.5%) and negative predictive value (100%). In spite of no difference in progression-free survival (PFS) between tumor size ≤ 1 cm and >1 cm (P = 0.22), tumor size ≤ 1 cm showed better PFS without disease recurrence than tumor size >1 cm (2-year PFS, 100% vs. 90%).
Less radical trachelectomy may be safe in patients with early-stage cervical cancer who have tumor size ≤ 1 cm.
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ABSTRACT: Cervical cancer is the third most common female cancer worldwide and the use of routine screening resulted in earlier stage and younger age at diagnosis. Fertility preservation via radical trachelectomy comes up as an option in such patients. Recent literature reviews confirm the safety of this operation with excellent oncologic outcomes in appropriately chosen patients. However, recurrent disease is likely and a strict follow-up is recommended to detect recurrences at an early stage following radical trachelectomy. In this report, a case who underwent radical trachelectomy and developed widespread recurrences 7 years after initial surgery possibly due to the lack of oncologic follow-up is discussed.04/2015; 2015:517496. DOI:10.1155/2015/517496
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ABSTRACT: Although nerve-sparing radical surgery (NSRS) is an emerging technique for reducing surgery-related dysfunctions, its efficacy is controversial in patients with cervical cancer. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to compare clinical outcomes, and urinary, anorectal, and sexual dysfunctions between conventional radical surgery (CRS) and NSRS. After searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, two randomized controlled trials, seven prospective and eleven retrospective cohort studies were included with 2,253 patients from January 2000 to February 2014. We performed crude analyses and then conducted subgroup analyses according to study design, quality of study, surgical approach, radicality, and adjustment for potential confounding factors. Crude analyses showed decreases in blood loss, hospital stay, frequency of intraoperative complications, length of the resected vagina, duration of postoperative catheterization (DPC), urinary frequency, and abnormal sensation in NSRS, whereas there were no significant differences in other clinical parameters and dysfunctions between CRS and NSRS. In subgroup analyses, operative time was longer (standardized difference in means, 0.948; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.642 to 1.253), while intraoperative complications were less common (odds ratio, 0.147; 95% CI, 0.035 to 0.621) in NSRS. Furthermore, subgroup analyses showed that DPC was shorter, urinary incontinence or frequency, and constipation were less frequent in NSRS without adverse effects on survival and sexual functions. NSRS may not affect prognosis and sexual dysfunctions in patients with cervical cancer, whereas it may decrease intraoperative complications, and urinary and anorectal dysfunctions despite long operative time and short length of the resected vagina when compared with CRS.Journal of Gynecologic Oncology 04/2015; 26(2):100-10. DOI:10.3802/jgo.2015.26.2.100 · 2.49 Impact Factor