Unconventional temperature enhanced magnetism in Fe1.1Te.
ABSTRACT Our inelastic neutron scattering study of spin excitations in iron telluride reveals remarkable thermal evolution of the collective magnetism. In the temperature range relevant for the superconductivity in FeTe(1-x)Se(x) materials, where the local-moment behavior is dominated by liquidlike correlations of emergent spin plaquettes, we observe unusual, marked increase of magnetic fluctuations upon heating. The effective spin per Fe at T ≈ 10 K, in the phase with weak antiferromagnetic order, corresponds to S ≈ 1, consistent with the recent analyses that emphasize importance of Hund's coupling [K. Haule and G. Kotliar, New J. Phys. 11, 025021 (2009).]. However, it grows to S ≈ 3/2 in the high-T disordered phase, suggestive of the Kondo-type behavior, where local magnetic moments are entangled with the itinerant electrons.