The performance of Cibacron Blue dye (HiTrapBlue or Affigel Blue) in depleting albumin from plasma, as a pre-treatment for biomarker searching in the low-abundance proteome, is here assessed. It is shown that (i) co-depletion of non-albumin species is an ever-present hazard; (ii) the only proper eluant able to release quantitatively the proteins bound to the dye is boiling 4% SDS-25 mM DTT, an ion shock (2 M NaCl) being quite ineffective in releasing the low-abundance species tightly bound to the dye moiety; (iii) the mechanism of dye-protein interaction, after an initial ion-ion docking, is a robust hydrophobic interaction, which progressively augments at lower and lower pH values; (iv) at pH 2.2 in the presence of 0.1% TFA, the blue resin behaves, for all practical purposes, just as a reverse-phase chromatography column, since all residual proteins present in plasma are completely harvested. However Cibacron Blue technology should not necessarily be discarded: As long as also the plasma fraction adsorbed is properly released and analyzed, together with the flow through, one should be able to perform a viable analysis of the low-abundance proteome.
"After incubation with a settled bed volume of 100 lL Blue Sepharose 6 Fast Flow beads for 1 h at 20 °C with mild agitation, the beads were sedimented by centrifugation at 2000 g for 2 min and the supernatants were transferred to new tubes. Bound proteins were recovered after three washes with 1.0 mL incubation buffer by boiling with 100 lL 4% SDS and 25 mM DTT (Di Girolamo and Righetti, 2011). Albumin depletion by extraction with CB-Sepharose was tested with human, bovine and porcine samples under various conditions, including variation of the pH (see Appendix A: Supplementary Fig. 2), salinity and the polarity of the buffer (data not shown). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, the bovine plasma proteome was analysed using a three step protocol: (1) plasma was treated with a combinatorial peptide ligand library (CPLL) to assimilate the differences in concentrations of different proteins in raw plasma; (2) CPLL-treated material was fractionated by three standard electrophoretic separation techniques, and (3) samples were analysed by nano-liquid chromatography (nLC) matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation (MALDI) time-of-flight tandem (TOF/TOF) mass spectrometry. The efficiencies of three fractionation protocols for plasma proteome analysis were compared. After size fractionation by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), resolution of proteins was better and yields of identified proteins were higher than after charge-based fractionation by preparative gel-free isoelectric focussing. For proteins with isoelectric points >6 and molecular weights ⩾63kDa, the best results were obtained with a 'shotgun' approach, in which the CPLL-treated plasma was digested and the peptides, rather than the proteins, were fractionated by gel-free isoelectric focussing. However, the three fractionation techniques were largely complementary, since only about one-third of the proteome was identified by each approach.
The Veterinary Journal 10/2013; 199(1). DOI:10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.10.029 · 1.76 Impact Factor
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