Trans-areola single-site endoscopic thyroidectomy: pilot study of 35 cases.
ABSTRACT Endoscopic thyroidectomy via thoracic/breast approach is an acceptable and successful technique in Asia. This technique has the advantage of better cosmesis compared with open or even video-assisted thyroidectomy. Unfortunately, because of the need for three separate ports, conventional endoscopic thyroidectomy usually involves significantly more tissue dissection, and thus more injury to patients, limiting the popularity of this technique. We herein present 35 cases of trans-areola single-site endoscopic thyroidectomy (TASSET), which was first performed in 2009.
Thirty-five patients who underwent TASSET for thyroid nodules from September 2009 to March 2011 were evaluated. The surgical outcomes of the surgery were retrospectively analyzed, including conversion, operative time, estimated blood loss, complications, length of stay, and patient satisfaction.
Thirty-one of the 35 patients (88.5%) underwent successful TASSET, with subtotal lobectomy being the most common procedure. Median operative time for the surgery was 153.65 min (range 100-190 min). Estimated blood loss ranged from 20 to 40 mL. Length of postoperative stay ranged from 2 to 4 days (average 2.5 days). Visual analog scale scores were 0 to 4 without administration of analgesics. The complication rate was low (8.6%) and included one case of transient recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy, one case of subcutaneous seroma, and one case of tracheal injury. All patients were satisfied with the cosmetic outcome after mean follow-up of 8 months.
TASSET is feasible and safe, with great cosmetic benefits and less injury than other procedures. It may become an alternative procedure for treatment of patients with benign thyroid tumors, especially those with strong desire for cervical cosmesis.
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Transareola single-site endoscopic thyroidectomy has been successfully established as a surgical approach. This study investigated the feasibility and safety of transareola single-site endoscopic thyroidectomy for bilateral thyroid disease. Patients and Methods: Twelve patients who underwent bilateral thyroidectomy were enrolled in this study. The surgical outcomes were analyzed, including operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative pain score, and cosmetic satisfaction score. Results: All patients underwent successful transareola single-site endoscopic bilateral thyroidectomy, and no patient was semiconverted to three-port endoscopic surgery or open surgery. Seven patients underwent bilateral partial thyroidectomy, and 5 patients underwent subtotal thyroidectomy plus contralateral partial thyroidectomy. The mean operation time was 165±23.8 minutes (range, 142-185 minutes). The mean intraoperative bleeding volume was 27.3±12.3 mL (range, 20-45 mL). The mean postoperative wound drainage was 121±45.8 mL (range, 85-137 mL). The drainage tube was removed 3-4 days after surgery. The mean visual analog scale score was 3.3±2.5 (range, 1-5) at 24 hours postoperatively. The patients were followed up for 2 month with no complaint of chest wall wound pain and numbness. The mean cosmetic satisfaction score was 9.55±0.8 (range, 8-10). Conclusions: Transareola single-site endoscopic bilateral thyroidectomy is feasible and safe and has the advantages of high cosmetic satisfaction.Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 05/2014; · 1.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Advances in surgical technology and patient-driven demands have fueled exploration into methods to improve cosmetic outcomes in thyroid surgery. This exploration has produced 2 fundamentally different pathways for reducing the visible thyroidectomy scar. Minimally invasive anterior cervical approaches use small incisions hidden in natural skin creases and reduce the overall extent of dissection required to remove the thyroid. Remote access approaches remove the incision from the anterior neck completely but require more extensive dissection to access the thyroid compartment.Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America 06/2014; 43(2):459-474. · 3.79 Impact Factor
Article: Contemporary Surgical Techniques[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent technologic advances have engendered alternative and innovative approaches to thyroid surgery aimed at reducing cosmetic sequelae. Minimally invasive techniques via small anterior cervical incisions hidden in natural skin creases and remote access approaches that eliminate anterior neck incisions entirely have emerged as viable options for patients who regard cosmesis as a priority. The safe application of these techniques to both benign and malignant thyroid disease has been evaluated.Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America 08/2014; 47(4):529–544. · 1.46 Impact Factor