Characterization of synthesized silver nanoparticles and assessment of its genotoxicity potentials using the alkaline comet assay.
ABSTRACT Nano-silver (Nano-Ag) particles were synthesized and then characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffractometry. TEM showed that Nano-Ag were spherical in shape and their size ranged from 40 to 60nm. X-ray diffractometry indicated that the sample was crystalline and had a face centered cubic structure of pure silver. Genotoxicity of this Nano-Ag was evaluated in human peripheral blood cells using the alkaline comet assay. Results indicated that Nano-Ag (50 and 100μg/mL) caused DNA damage following a 3h treatment. Subsequently, a short treatment of 5min also showed DNA damage. In conclusion, we have shown that the synthesized Nano-Ag induced DNA damage in human peripheral blood cells as detected by the alkaline comet assay. Results further indicated that treatment of cells with Nano-Ag in the presence of hydrogen peroxide did not induce any DNA damage.
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ABSTRACT: Stable suspensions of nanogold (NG) and nanosilver (NS) with mean particle diameter 50 and 49 nm, respectively, were prepared by laser ablation of metals in water. To assess rat's pulmonary phagocytosis response to a single intratracheal instillation of these suspensions, we used optical, transmission electron, and semi-contact atomic force microscopy. NG and NS were also repeatedly injected intraperitoneally into rats at a dose of 10 mg/kg (0.5 mg per mL of deionized water) three times a week, up to 20 injections. A group of rats was thus injected with NS after oral administration of a "bioprotective complex" (BPC) comprised of pectin, multivitamins, some amino acids, calcium, selenium, and omega-3 PUFA. After the termination of the injections, many functional and biochemical indices and histopathological features of the spleen, kidneys and liver were evaluated for signs of toxicity, and accumulation of NG or NS in these organs was measured. From the same rats, we obtained cell suspensions of different tissues for performing the RAPD test. It was demonstrated that, although both nanometals were adversely bioactive in all respects considered in this study, NS was more noxious as compared with NG, and that the BPC tested by us attenuated both the toxicity and genotoxicity of NS.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2013; 14(2):2449-83. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Nanoparticles (NP) are structures with at least one dimension of less than 100 nanometers (nm) and unique properties. Silver nanoparticles (AgNP), due to their bactericidal action, have found practical applications in medicine, cosmetics, textiles, electronics, and other fields. Nevertheless, their less advantageous properties which make AgNP potentially harmful to public health or the environment should also be taken into consideration. These nanoparticles are cyto- and genotoxic and accumulate in the environment, where their antibacterial properties may be disadvantageous for agriculture and waste management. The presented study reviews data concerning the biological effects of AgNP in mammalian cells in vitro: cellular uptake and excretion, localization in cellular compartments, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity. The mechanism of nanoparticle action consists on induction of the oxidative stress resulting in a further ROS generation, DNA damage and activation of signaling leading to various, cell type-specific pathways to inflammation, apoptotic or necrotic death. In order to assure a safe application of AgNP, further detailed studies are needed on the mechanisms of the action of AgNP on mammalian cells at the molecular level.Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine: AAEM 03/2013; 20(1):48-54. · 3.06 Impact Factor