Addictive personality and maladaptive eating behaviors in adults seeking bariatric surgery
Department of Psychology, Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, United States. Eating behaviors
01/2012; 13(1):67-70. DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2011.10.006
This study examined the relationship between addictive personality and maladaptive eating behaviors in bariatric surgery candidates. Ninety-seven bariatric surgery candidates completed the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-R) Addiction Scale, the Overeating Questionnaire (OQ), binge-eating questions from the Questionnaire of Eating and Weight Patterns (QEWP-R), and the Eating Attitudes and Behaviors Questionnaire. Participants with Binge Eating Disorder (BED) displayed addictive personality scores comparable to individuals addicted to substances (M=17.5, SD=5.3). Addictive personality was associated with Overeating (r=.45, p<.001), Cravings (r=.31, p=.005), Affective Disturbances (r=.62, p<.001) and Social Isolation (r=.53, p<.001). Addictive personality was associated with maladaptive eating behaviors, suggesting the potential for addictive eating.
Available from: Adrian Meule
Frontiers in Psychiatry 06/2012; 3:64. DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2012.00064
Available from: Adrian Meule
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ABSTRACT: Excessive food consumption has been recognized to show similarities with substance dependence. Subsequently, it has been proposed that food addiction might contribute to the obesity epidemic. Recent studies using questionnaires for the assessment of food addiction have found statistically significant, but negligible positive correlations with body-mass-index (BMI). Moreover, group comparisons between food-addicted and non-addicted individuals in normal-weight or obese samples did not show differences in BMI. However, the prevalence of food addiction diagnoses is remarkably increased in obese individuals. In the current article, it is suggested that there might be a cubic relationship between food addiction and BMI. Food addiction symptomatology may remain stable in the under- and normal-weight range, increase in the overweight- and obese range, and level off at severe obesity. Empirical data in support of this view are presented.
Medical Hypotheses 07/2012; 79(4):508-11. DOI:10.1016/j.mehy.2012.07.005 · 1.07 Impact Factor
Available from: Gene Jack Wang
Obesity Reviews 08/2012; · 8.00 Impact Factor
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