Treatment-Related Protein Biomarker Expression Differs between Primary and Recurrent Ovarian Carcinomas
ABSTRACT The molecular characteristics of recurrent ovarian cancers following chemotherapy treatment have been poorly characterized. Such knowledge could impact salvage therapy selection. Since 2008, we have profiled 168 patients' ovarian cancers to determine the expression of proteins that may predict chemotherapy response or are targets for drugs that are in clinical trials for ovarian cancer treatment. Expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), HER2, VEGF, ER, c-Met, IGF1R, Ki67, COX2, PGP/MDR1, BCRP, MRP1, excision repair complementation group 1 (ERCC1), MGMT, TS, RRM1, TOPO1, TOP2A, and SPARC was measured by immunohistochemical analyses at Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments-certified laboratories. Our univariate analysis of 56 primary and 50 recurrent tumors from patients with advanced stage ovarian serous carcinoma revealed that PGP and ERCC1 were significantly upregulated in recurrent lesions (P < 0.05). To determine whether these or any of the other markers were differentially expressed in specimens obtained from the same individual at diagnosis and at recurrence, we analyzed 43 matched tumor specimens from 19 advanced stage ovarian carcinoma patients. We confirmed the expression differences in PGP and ERCC1 that were observed in the cohort analysis but discovered that the expression levels of BCRP, RRM1, and COX2 were also discordant in more than 40% of the matched tumor specimens. These results may have implications both for the use of biomarkers in therapy selection as well as for their discovery and validation. Expression of these and other candidate response biomarkers must be evaluated in much larger studies and, if confirmed, support the need for profiling of recurrent tumor specimens in future clinical trials.
SourceAvailable from: Mansoor Amiji[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Development of multidrug resistance (MDR) is an almost universal phenomenon in patients with ovarian cancer, and this severely limits the ultimate success of chemotherapy in the clinic. Overexpression of the MDR1 gene and corresponding P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is one of the best known MDR mechanisms. MDR1 siRNA based strategies were proposed to circumvent MDR, however, systemic, safe, and effective targeted delivery is still a major challenge. Cluster of differentiation 44 (CD44) targeted hyaluronic acid (HA) based nanoparticle has been shown to successfully deliver chemotherapy agents or siRNAs into tumor cells. The goal of this study is to evaluate the ability of HA-PEI/HA-PEG to deliver MDR1 siRNA and the efficacy of the combination of HA-PEI/HA-PEG/MDR1 siRNA with paclitaxel to suppress growth of ovarian cancer. We observed that HA-PEI/HA-PEG nanoparticles can efficiently deliver MDR1 siRNA into MDR ovarian cancer cells, resulting in down-regulation of MDR1 and Pgp expression. Administration of HA-PEI/HA-PEG/MDR1 siRNA nanoparticles followed by paclitaxel treatment induced a significant inhibitory effect on the tumor growth, decreased Pgp expression and increased apoptosis in MDR ovarian cancer mice model. Our findings suggest that CD44 targeted HA-PEI/HA-PEG/MDR1 siRNA nanoparticles can serve as a therapeutic tool with great potentials to circumvent MDR in ovarian cancer.Scientific Reports 02/2015; 5. DOI:10.1038/srep08509 · 5.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This aim of this study was to develop peptide-conjugated nanoparticles (NPs) for systemic co-delivery of siRNA and doxorubicin to enhance chemotherapy in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) high-expressed ovarian tumor bearing mice. The active targeting NPs were prepared using heptapeptide-conjugated poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid)–poly(ethylene glycol). The particle sizes of peptide-free and peptide-conjugated NPs were 159.3 ± 32.5 and 184.0 ± 52.9 nm, respectively, with zeta potential −21.3 ± 3.8 and −15.3 ± 2.8 mV. The peptide-conjugated NPs uptake were more efficient in EGFR high-expressed SKOV3 cells than in EGFR low-expressed HepG2 cells due to heptapeptide specificity. The NPs were used to deliver small molecule anticancer drug (e.g., doxorubicin) and large molecule genetic agent (e.g., siRNA). The IC50 of doxorubicin-loaded peptide-conjugated NPs (0.09 ± 0.06 μM) was significantly lower than peptide-free NPs (5.72 ± 2.64 μM). The similar result was observed in siRNA-loaded NPs. The peptide-conjugated NPs not only served as a nanocarrier to efficiently deliver doxorubicin and siRNA to EGFR high-expressed ovarian cancer cells but also increased the intracellular accumulation of the therapeutic agents to induce assured anti-tumor growth effect in vivo.Journal of Nanoparticle Research 10/2013; 15(10). DOI:10.1007/s11051-013-1956-z · 2.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Approaches for the synthesis of biomaterials to facilitate the delivery of "biologics" is a major area of research in cancer therapy. Here we designed and characterized a hyaluronic acid (HA) based self-assembling nanoparticles that can target CD44 receptors overexpressed on multidrug resistance (MDR) ovarian cancer. The nanoparticle system is composed of HA-poly(ethyleneimine)/HA-poly(ethylene glycol) (HA-PEI/HA-PEG) designed to deliver MDR1 siRNA for the treatment of MDR in an ovarian cancer model. HA-PEI/HA-PEG nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized, then the cellular uptake and knockdown efficiency of HA-PEI/HA-PEG/MDR1 siRNA nanoparticles was further determined. A human xenograft MDR ovarian cancer model was established to evaluate the effects of the combination of HA-PEI/HA-PEG/MDR1 siRNA nanoparticles and paclitaxel on MDR tumor growth. Our results demonstrated that HA-PEI/HA-PEG nanoparticles successfully targeted CD44 and delivered MDR1 siRNA into OVCAR8TR (established paclitaxel resistant) tumors. Additionally, HA-PEI/HA-PEG nanoparticles loaded with MDR1 siRNA efficiently down-regulated the expression of MDR1 and P-glycoprotein (Pgp), inhibited the functional activity of Pgp, and subsequently increased cell sensitivity to paclitaxel. HA-PEI/HA-PEG/MDR1 siRNA nanoparticle therapy followed by paclitaxel treatment inhibited tumor growth in MDR ovarian cancer mouse models. These findings suggest that this CD44 targeted HA-PEI/HA-PEG nanoparticle platform may be a clinicaly relevant gene delivery system for systemic siRNA-based anticancer therapeutics for the treatment of MDR cancers.Pharmaceutical Research 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11095-014-1602-1 · 3.95 Impact Factor