SIRTUIN 1 gene polymorphisms are associated with cholesterol metabolism and coronary artery calcification in Japanese hemodialysis patients.
ABSTRACT Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a longevity gene, protects cells against oxidative and genotoxic stress. This study aimed to investigate the association of SIRT 1 gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms, namely, rs7895833, rs7069102, and rs2273773 with lipid profiles and coronary artery calcification score in 219 Japanese hemodialysis (HD) patients.
Genotyping of these polymorphisms was performed using polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers assay.
The A allele frequency of rs7895833 and G allele frequency of rs7069102 were significantly lower in HD patients (0.228 and 0.131, respectively) than those in 803 control subjects (general population) (0.289 and 0.181, respectively) (P = .010 and P = .012, respectively). However, the allele frequency of rs2273773 was not significantly different from that in the control subjects. Multivariate analysis adjusted for age and duration on HD demonstrated that the serum levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly high in G allele carriers of rs7069102 compared with CC genotype in male HD patients. Coronary artery calcification score was significantly high in C allele carriers of rs2273773 in all and male HD patients.
SIRT 1 polymorphisms, rs7069102 and rs2273773, are associated with abnormal cholesterol metabolism and coronary artery calcification, respectively, in Japanese HD patients, especially in males.
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ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death worldwide, is related to gene-environment interactions due to epigenetic factors. SIRT1 protein and its downstream pathways are critical for both normal homeostasis and protection from CVD-induced defects. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between SIRT1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs7895833 A>G in the promoter region, rs7069102 C>G in intron 4 and rs2273773 C>T in exon 5 silent mutation) and SIRT1 and eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase) protein expression as well as total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) in CVD patients as compared to controls. The frequencies of mutant genotypes and alleles for rs7069102 and rs2273773 were significantly higher in patients with CVD compared to control group. The risk for CVD was increased by 2.4 times for rs7069102 and 1.9 times for rs2273773 in carriers of mutant allele compared with carriers of wild-type allele pointing the protective role of C allele for both SNPs against CVD. For rs7895833, there was no significant difference in genotype and allele distributions between groups. SIRT1 protein, TAS, TOS and OSI levels significantly increased in patients as compared to control group. In contrast, level of eNOS protein was considerably low in the CVD patients. An increase in the SIRT1 expression in the CVD patients carrying mutant genotype for rs7069102 and heterozygote genotype for all three SNPs was observed. This is the first study reporting an association between SIRT1 gene polymorphisms and the levels of SIRT1 and eNOS expressions as well as TAS, TOS and OSI.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e90428. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In recent years, the wealth of basic science research supporting resveratrol's potential to treat, delay, and even prevent age-related chronic diseases has led to a number of human clinical trials. While such translational research has yielded promising results in clinical populations, recently published conflicting results from studies evaluating resveratrol's potential for primary prevention of chronic disease in healthy / asymptomatic individuals have generated considerable controversy and do not initially appear consistent with findings from animal models. We argue that trials targeting healthy humans are often fundamentally flawed owing to inappropriate use of paradigms only applicable to populations with overt clinical disease and the consequent misleading (typically negative) results can severely retard advancement of drug development. To appropriately perform translational research centered on resveratrol as a primary prevention agent in non-clinical populations, it is critical to utilize study designs which can provide adequate information on clinically relevant outcome measures, avoid paradigms and assumptions from interventions which are specific to clinical populations, and maintain realistic expectations compared to interventions which provide the theoretical maximal response (e.g., caloric restriction and aerobic exercise training).Aging 07/2013; 5(7):495-506. · 4.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia due to high total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, or low HDL-cholesterol is an important risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Both SIRT1 and PUFAs can influence the expression of genes for nuclear receptors and transcription factors related to lipid metabolism such as LXRalpha, LXRbeta, PPARalpha, SREBP-1c. METHODS: A total of 707 Japanese men and 723 women were randomly selected from the participants who visited a medical center for routine medical check-ups. We analyzed the combined effects of the genotype/haplotype of the SIRT1 gene and dietary n-6/n-3 PUFA intake ratio on the determination of serum lipid levels. RESULTS: We found that the SIRT1 gene marked with haplotype 2 was associated with decreased serum LDL-cholesterol and increasing HDL-cholesterol levels. In addition, the associations between the SIRT1 haplotype 2 and decreased LDL-C and increased HDL-C levels were only observed in the low n-6/n-3 PUFA intake ratio group, but not in the high n-6/n-3 PUFA intake ratio group. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that the combination of genetic variations in the SIRT1 gene and dietary n-6 and/or n-3 PUFA intake influence the determination of inter-individual variations of serum levels of LDL-C and HDL-C.Lipids in Health and Disease 01/2013; 12(1):4. · 2.31 Impact Factor