ART: a next-generation sequencing read simulator.
ABSTRACT ART is a set of simulation tools that generate synthetic next-generation sequencing reads. This functionality is essential for testing and benchmarking tools for next-generation sequencing data analysis including read alignment, de novo assembly and genetic variation discovery. ART generates simulated sequencing reads by emulating the sequencing process with built-in, technology-specific read error models and base quality value profiles parameterized empirically in large sequencing datasets. We currently support all three major commercial next-generation sequencing platforms: Roche's 454, Illumina's Solexa and Applied Biosystems' SOLiD. ART also allows the flexibility to use customized read error model parameters and quality profiles. AVAILABILITY: Both source and binary software packages are available at http://www.niehs.nih.gov/research/resources/software/art.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Weichun Huang, Aug 01, 2014
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ABSTRACT: Background Resolution of repeats and scaffolding of shorter contigs are critical parts of genome assembly. Modern assemblers usually perform such steps by heuristics, often tailored to a particular technology for producing paired or long reads. Results We propose a new framework that allows systematic combination of diverse sequencing datasets into a single assembly. We achieve this by searching for an assembly with the maximum likelihood in a probabilistic model capturing error rate, insert lengths, and other characteristics of the sequencing technology used to produce each dataset. We have implemented a prototype genome assembler GAML that can use any combination of insert sizes with Illumina or 454 reads, as well as PacBio reads. Our experiments show that we can assemble short genomes with N50 sizes and error rates comparable to ALLPATHS-LG or Cerulean. While ALLPATHS-LG and Cerulean require each a specific combination of datasets, GAML works on any combination. Conclusions We have introduced a new probabilistic approach to genome assembly and demonstrated that this approach can lead to superior results when used to combine diverse set of datasets from different sequencing technologies. Data and software is available at http://compbio.fmph.uniba.sk/gaml.Algorithms for Molecular Biology 06/2015; 10. DOI:10.1186/s13015-015-0052-6 · 1.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Genomic instability is a hallmark of cancer and, as such, structural alterations and fusion genes are common events in the cancer landscape. RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) is a powerful method for profiling cancers, but current methods for identifying fusion genes are optimised for short reads. JAFFA (https://github.com/Oshlack/JAFFA/wiki) is a sensitive fusion detection method that outperforms other methods with reads of 100 bp or greater. JAFFA compares a cancer transcriptome to the reference transcriptome, rather than the genome, where the cancer transcriptome is inferred using long reads directly or by de novo assembling short reads. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s13073-015-0167-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.Genome Medicine 05/2015; 7(1). DOI:10.1186/s13073-015-0167-x · 4.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Based on the next generation genome sequencing technologies, a variety of biological applications are developed, while alignment is the first step once the sequencing reads are obtained. In recent years, many software tools have been developed to efficiently and accurately align short reads to the reference genome. However, there are still many reads that can't be mapped to the reference genome, due to the exceeding of allowable mismatches. Moreover, besides the unmapped reads, the reads with low mapping qualities are also excluded from the downstream analysis, such as variance calling. If we can take advantages of the confident segments of these reads, not only can the alignment rates be improved, but also more information will be provided for the downstream analysis. This paper proposes a method, called RAUR (Re-align the Unmapped Reads), to re-align the reads that can not be mapped by alignment tools. Firstly, it takes advantages of the base quality scores (reported by the sequencer) to figure out the most confident and informative segments of the unmapped reads by controlling the number of possible mismatches in the alignment. Then, combined with an alignment tool, RAUR re-align these segments of the reads. We run RAUR on both simulated data and real data with different read lengths. The results show that many reads which fail to be aligned by the most popular alignment tools (BWA and Bowtie2) can be correctly re-aligned by RAUR, with a similar Precision. Even compared with the BWA-MEM and the local mode of Bowtie2, which perform local alignment for long reads to improve the alignment rate, RAUR also shows advantages on the Alignment rate and Precision in some cases. Therefore, the trimming strategy used in RAUR is useful to improve the Alignment rate of alignment tools for the next-generation genome sequencing. All source code are available at http://netlab.csu.edu.cn/bioinformatics/RAUR.html.BMC Bioinformatics 03/2015; 16(Suppl 5):S8. DOI:10.1186/1471-2105-16-S5-S8 · 2.67 Impact Factor