Article

In-Medium Properties of Vector Mesons in a Transport Approach

05/2011;
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We present dilepton spectra from p+p and p+Nb collisions at a kinetic beam
energy of 3.5 GeV, which were simulated with the GiBUU transport model assuming
different in-medium scenarios. We compare these spectra to preliminary HADES
data and show that GiBUU can describe the data reasonably well. Our simulations
indicate that the intermediate dilepton-mass region is sensitive to the N-Delta
electromagnetic transition form factor, which up to now is unmeasured in the
time-like region.

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    ABSTRACT: In this review we first outline the basics of transport theory and its recent generalization to off-shell transport. We then present in some detail the main ingredients of any transport method using in particular the Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (GiBUU) implementation of this theory as an example. We discuss the potentials used, the ground state initialization and the collision term, including the in-medium modifications of the latter. The central part of this review covers applications of GiBUU to a wide class of reactions, starting from pion-induced reactions over proton and antiproton reactions on nuclei to heavy-ion collisions (up to about 30 AGeV). A major part concerns also the description of photon-, electron- and neutrino-induced reactions (in the energy range from a few 100 MeV to a few 100 GeV). For this wide class of reactions GiBUU gives an excellent description with the same physics input and the same code being used. We argue that GiBUU is an indispensable tool for any investigation of nuclear reactions in which final-state interactions play a role. Studies of pion-nucleus interactions, nuclear fragmentation, heavy ion reactions, hyper nucleus formation, hadronization, color transparency, electron-nucleus collisions and neutrino-nucleus interactions are all possible applications of GiBUU and are discussed in this article.
    Physics Reports 06/2011; · 22.93 Impact Factor

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