Article

# Genus of numerical semigroups generated by three elements

04/2011; DOI: 10.1016/j.jalgebra.2012.02.010

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**For any numerical semigroup $S$, there are infinitely many numerical symmetric semigroups $T$ such that $S=\frac{T}{2}$ is their half. We are studying the Betti numbers of the numerical semigroup ring $K[T]$ when $S$ is a 3-generated numerical semigroup or telescopic. We also consider 4-generated symmetric semigroups and the so called 4-irreducible numerical semigroups.Le Matematiche. 01/2012; 67(1):145-159. - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**The notion of almost symmetric numerical semigroup was given by V. Barucci and R. Fr\"oberg. We characterize almost symmetric numerical semigroups by symmetry of pseudo-Frobenius numbers. We give a criterion for $H^*$ (the dual of $M$) to be almost symmetric numerical semigroup. Using these results we give a formula for multiplicity of an opened modular numerical semigroups. Finally, we show that if $H_1$ or $H_2$ is not symmetric, then the gluing of $H_1$ and $H_2$ is not almost symmetric.Agronomy Journal 11/2011; 86(1). · 0.46 Impact Factor -
##### Dataset: Almost Gorenstein Rings

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**ABSTRACT:**The notion of almost Gorenstein ring given by Barucci and Fr{\"o}berg \cite{BF} in the case where the local rings are analytically unramified is generalized, so that it works well also in the case where the rings are analytically ramified. As a sequel, the problem of when the endomorphism algebra $\m : \m$ of $\m$ is a Gorenstein ring is solved in full generality, where $\m$ denotes the maximal ideal in a given Cohen-Macaulay local ring of dimension one. Characterizations of almost Gorenstein rings are given in connection with the principle of idealization. Examples are explored.

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