A secretion of the mollusc Cryptomphalus aspersa promotes proliferation, migration and survival of keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts in vitro
ABSTRACT Regenerative properties of skin decrease with age, and thus, the search for substances that minimize cutaneous ageing has increased in the last few years. The secretion of the mollusc Cryptomphalus Aspersa (SCA) is a natural product that bears regenerative properties when applied topically. The purpose of this work is to study the in vitro effects of SCA on cell proliferation and migration, as well as on cell-cell (E-cadherin and β-catenin) and cell-substrate (vinculin and β1-integrin) adhesion proteins expression, using a human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT cells) and primary dermal fibroblasts (HF). We tested the effects of SCA on cell proliferation using a colorimetric assay. In addition, SCA-induced changes on cell migration were studied by wound-healing assays. Besides, Western blot and immunofluorescence microscopy were carried out to test the expression of different cell adhesion proteins. We found that SCA promotes proliferation and migration of HaCaT cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Moreover, treatment with SCA increases the migratory behaviour and the expression of adhesion molecules in both HaCaT and HF. Finally, SCA also improves cell survival and promotes phosphorylation of FAK and nuclear localization of β-catenin. These results shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the regenerative properties of SCA, based on its promoting effect on skin cell migration, proliferation and survival. Moreover, these results support future clinical uses of SCA in the regeneration of wounded tissues.
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ABSTRACT: One of the classical and traditional wall typology built in agricultural or pas- toral landscapes are dry stone walls (walls built only of stones without concrete). These vertical surfaces are expected to increase habitat heterogeneity and to play an important role for biodiversity. This study focused on two groups of organisms: amphibians, repre- sented by the rock-dwelling salamander Hydromantes strinatii , that are expected to use walls mainly as shelters, and molluscs, which use of walls may be affected mainly by the trophic resources available. A mountain area of the northern Appennines (NW-Italy) was surveyed to assess the differences between dry stone walls and the wall typologies in terms of morphology, surrounding landscape and salamander and mollusc occurrence; the rela- tionships between wall typology features and salamander and mollusc distribution were assessed. Dry stone walls were more heterogeneous than concrete walls and hosted more lichens than natural rocky walls. They were more used by H. strinatii juveniles than the other walls and played an important role for their distribution. They were positively related to the occurrence of several molluscan species, including species with high ecological plasticity and rock-dwelling species. Among wall features, the most important for molluscs species distribution was vegetation cover, followed by lichen cover and heterogeneity, confirming the importance of trophic content for mollusc exploitation, while vegetated without concrete walls hosted higher number of species. The results suggest that dry stone walls can be important for fauna biodiversity and should be maintained and preserved as a part of landscape management.Biodiversity and Conservation 04/2014; 23(8). DOI:10.1007/s10531-014-0691-9 · 2.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Synopsis Background The search of substances that minimize cutaneous ageing has increased in the last few years. Previous studies have described the regenerative properties of the secretion of the mollusc Cryptomphalus aspersa (C.aspersa) when applied topically. Objective We evaluate the in vitro effects of a new product derived from the eggs of C.aspersa, IFC-CAF, on cell proliferation, migration, distribution of cytoskeletal proteins, production of extracellular components as well as its ability to prevent cutaneous ageing because of intrinsic or extrinsic factors (exposure to UVB) by determination of ageing markers. Methods We have used the human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT cells), primary dermal fibroblasts (HDF) and senescent dermal fibroblasts (SHDF). The effects of the compound on cell proliferation and on the cell cycle were determined by the MTT colorimetric assay, estimation of total protein and/or trypan blue test and by flow cytometry, respectively. We also studied cell migration using the wound-healing migration assay, whereas ELISA assays, Western Blot and immunofluorescence microscopy were carried out to test the expression of proteins related to cytoskeleton, extracellular matrix and with ageing. ResultsWe have found that IFC-CAF does not promote proliferation but induces migration of HaCaT, HDF and SHDF in a time- and dose-dependent manner; a better organization of cytoskeletal proteins (F-actin and vimentin) and promotes the production of extracellular components (fibronectin, collagen 1 and MMPs) and the adhesion to cell-substrate vinculin protein. IFC-CAF also prevents cutaneous ageing. The treatment decreases the expression of the ageing-related markers b-Gal, p53 and p16INK4 in SDDF cells, and improves cell survival after UVB irradiation and nuclear repair in HaCaT cells. ConclusionIFC-CAF has regenerative properties and protects against ageing factors being, therefore, a potential therapeutic agent for treating or preventing skin ageing.International journal of cosmetic science 09/2014; 37(1). DOI:10.1111/ics.12167 · 1.45 Impact Factor