Human papillomavirus vaccine intention among college men: what's oral sex got to do with it?
ABSTRACT To identify associations between engaging in oral sex and perceived risk of oral cancer among college men. Also, to identify associations, and their moderating factors, between oral sex and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine acceptance.
Young men were recruited from 2 university campuses in the South (N = 150). Men completed an audio computer-assisted self-administered interview.
With the exception of receiving fellatio, each measure of oral sex behavior was significantly associated with greater perceived risk of oral cancer. Four oral sex behaviors evidenced significant associations with vaccine acceptance. Men engaging in recent oral sex or reporting oral sex behaviors with more than 2 partners were more likely to indicate vaccine intent. African American/black race, communication with parents about sex-related topics, and HPV-related stigma/shame were identified as moderating factors.
Young college men giving or receiving oral sex with multiple partners may be predisposed to HPV vaccination.
- SourceAvailable from: bmj.com
Article: Oral sex and HIV transmission.Sexually Transmitted Infections 11/2001; 77(5):307-8. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To identify the content, characteristics, and comfort level of discussions about sexuality held between mothers and their early adolescent children and to determine the extent to which the conversations predicted sexual values and initiation of sexual intercourse of the adolescent. This was part of a larger study to evaluate the impact of personal family characteristics on human immunodeficiency virus risk-reduction behavior among low-income predominately African-American adolescents, ages 13-15 years. Adolescents attending a metropolitan community-based afterschool program and their mothers were invited to participate in a 1-hour interview. Mothers and adolescents were interviewed separately. The interview included questions about the type of information related to sexuality that adolescents discussed with mothers, fathers, and friends; in addition, mothers were asked what topics they discussed with their adolescents. Four hundred five adolescents and 382 mothers participated. Some mothers had more than one adolescent in the study. The results showed that both male and female adolescents were more likely to discuss sexual topics with their mothers than their fathers. Male adolescents were more likely than female adolescents to discuss sex-based topics with their fathers. Both male and female adolescents were less likely to discuss sex-based topics with their friends than with their mothers, but more likely to discuss these topics with their friends than their fathers. Content of conversations of male adolescents was fairly consistent among mothers, fathers, and friends, and sexually transmitted disease/acquired immune deficiency syndrome and condom use were popular topics of discussion. Female adolescents tended to talk about the menstrual cycle with their mothers, sexual abstinence with their fathers, and sexual intercourse with their friends. Adolescents who reported a greater number of topics discussed with their mothers were more likely not to have initiated sexual intercourse and to have conservative values, whereas adolescents who reported a greater number of topics discussed with their friends were more likely to report the initiation of intercourse and more "liberal" sexual values. Both male and female adolescents were most comfortable discussing sexual issues with their friends. Male adolescents were less comfortable talking to mothers, but more comfortable talking to their fathers than were females. Mothers were likely to report feeling very comfortable talking about almost all discussion areas. Fathers' comfort level was not measured, as they were not directly questioned. Early adolescence (13-15 years old) is characterized by more sex-based discussions with mothers than friends or fathers. Daughters and sons discuss different topics with their fathers, although discussion by both genders with fathers is limited. If an adolescent talks more with the mother about sexual issues than with friends, he/she is less likely to initiate sexual intercourse and more likely to have conservative values. This points to the importance of fostering good communication and comfort between parents and adolescents about sexual issues.Journal of Adolescent Health 04/1999; 24(3):181-9. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although numerous cross-sectional studies have identified herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) as an important genital pathogen, the specific sexual activities associated with HSV-1 infection are not well delineated. Our objective was to identify demographic and behavioral variables in women associated with the prevalence and acquisition of HSV-1. From 1998 through 2000, we enrolled 1207 nonpregnant 18- to 30-year-old women from 3 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, area health clinics in a prospective cohort study. Serum from the women was tested each visit for the presence of type-specific HSV-1 antibodies. At enrollment, HSV-1 serum antibodies were detected in only 38% of women < or =20 years of age. Black race, < or =12 years education, older age, and a history of at least 5 lifetime male sex partners were independently associated with the prevalence of HSV-1. In longitudinal analyses, women who had vaginal intercourse were more likely than sexually inactive women to acquire HSV-1 (6.8 vs. 1.2 cases per 100 woman-years of follow up; P=0.05). Similarly, women who only had receptive oral sex, without vaginal intercourse, were also more likely than sexually inactive women to acquire HSV-1 (9.8 vs. 1.2 cases per 100 woman-years of follow up; P=0.04). Receiving cunnilingus and vaginal intercourse are important risk factors for the acquisition of HSV-1 among young women. Genital herpes prevention strategies will need to consider both the increased susceptibility for HSV-1 acquisition that young adults now have at sexual debut and the important contributions of HSV-1 to the burgeoning genital herpes epidemic.Sex Transm Dis 03/2005; 32(2):84-9. · 2.59 Impact Factor