Asn54-linked glycan is critical for functional folding of intercellular adhesion molecule-5.
ABSTRACT Intercellular adhesion molecule-5 (ICAM-5, telencephalin) is a dendritically polarized type I membrane glycoprotein, and promotes dendritic filopodia formation. Although we have determined the N-glycan structures of ICAM-5 in a previous report, their function is unknown. Here, we produced fifteen ICAM-5 gene constructs, in which each potential N-glycosylation site was mutated, to elucidate the function of the N-glycans of ICAM-5, and observed the effects of transfection of them on a neuronal cell line, Neuro-2a (N2a). Only the N54Q mutant, which is the mutant for the most N-terminal glycosylation site, failed to induce filopodia-like protrusions in N2a cells. Immunofluorescence staining and cell surface biotinylation revealed that N54Q ICAM-5 was confined to the ER and also could not be expressed on the cell surface. This is further supported by the biochemical evidence that almost all N-glycans of N54Q ICAM-5 were digested by Endo glycosidase H and peptide:N-glycanase, indicating that almost all of them retain high-mannose-type structures in ER. In additon, it also failed to form disulfide bonds or functional protein complexes. The stable transformants of N54Q ICAM-5 showed retarded cell growth, but it was interesting that there was no apparent ER stress, because the mutant was sequentially degraded via ER associated degradation pathway by comparing the susceptibilities of the responses to various inhibitors of this pathway in wild-type and N54Q ICAM-5 transfectants. Taken together, the Asn(54)-linked glycan is necessary for normal trafficking and function of ICAM-5, but is unassociated with ER-associated degradation of it.
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ABSTRACT: The N-glycosylation of integrin alpha5beta1 is thought to play crucial roles in cell spreading, cell migration, ligand binding, and dimer formation, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. To investigate the importance of the N-glycans of this integrin in detail, sequential site-directed mutagenesis was carried out to remove single or combined putative N-glycosylation sites on the alpha5 integrin. Removal of the putative N-glycosylation sites on the beta-propeller, Thigh, Calf-1, or Calf-2 domains of the alpha5 subunit resulted in a decrease in molecular weight compared with the wild type, suggesting that all of these domains contain attached N-glycans. Importantly, the absence of N-glycosylation sites (sites 1-5) on the beta-propeller resulted in the persistent association of integrin subunit with calnexin in the endoplasmic reticulum, which subsequently blocked heterodimerization and its expression on the cell surface. Interestingly, the activities for cell spreading and migration for the alpha5 subunit carrying only three potential N-glycosylation sites (3-5 sites) on the beta-propeller were comparable with those of the wild type. In contrast, mutation of these three sites resulted in a significant decrease in cell spreading as well as functional expression, although the total expression level of the Delta3-5 mutant on the cell surface was comparable with that of wild type. Furthermore, we found that site 5 is a most important site for its expression on the cell surface, whereas the S5 mutant did not show any biological functions. Taken together, this study reveals for the first time that the N-glycosylation on the beta-propeller domain of the alpha5 subunit is essential for heterodimerization and biological functions of alpha5beta1 integrin and might also be useful for studies of the molecular structure.Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2006; 281(44):33258-33267. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Immunohistochemical screening of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) raised against fractions rich in the dendrodendritic synaptosomes of the rabbit olfactory bulb revealed that one of the mAbs (mAb 271A6) recognized a telencephalon-specific antigen or antigens. Thus, the stain with mAb 271A6 was observed throughout the gray matter of all regions of the neocortex, piriform cortex, hippocampus, striatum, septum, and the amygdaloid nucleus, in addition to the main and accessory olfactory bulbs. The mAb 271A6, however, labeled neither nontelencephalic regions of the central nervous system nor the peripheral nervous system so far examined. Dot-immunobinding assays of homogenates of various brain regions also showed the telencephalon-specific distribution of the antigen designated as 271A6. Antigen 271A6 is developmentally regulated. At birth, the antigen was expressed in a small quantity only in phylogenetically older telencephalic regions such as the olfactory bulb, piriform cortex, striatum, cingulate cortex, and hippocampus. It was hardly detectable in most areas of the neocortex. The densities and areas of 271A6-positive structures increased during the early postnatal period. These results demonstrate a molecular specificity of the most rostral brain segment, the telencephalon. mAb 271A6 may be a good tool for obtaining a better understanding of the molecular basis of the segmental organization or the segment-specific functions of the brain.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 07/1987; 84(11):3921-5. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sialylated oligosaccharide structures were determined by the technique of electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy at seven of eight N-linked glycosylation sites of recombinant human ICAM-1des454-532 [tICAM(453)] purified from the tissue culture fluid of Chinese hamster ovary, human embryonic kidney, and mouse myeloma cell lines. The number of structures at each site depended on the cell line and ranged from 8 to 34. N-Glycolyneuraminic acid, a human oncofetal antigen, was found at all sites of all three cell line derived forms of tICAM(453). Tetraantennary complex structures containing one and/or two galactose-beta 1,4 N-acetylglucosamine repeats, characteristic of membrane bound proteins, were found on soluble tICAM(453) primarily at Asn-379. Asn-379, located between the D4 and D5 domains, is believed to be located close to the membrane surface in membrane bound ICAM-1. It has been proposed that the extent of N-linked glycosylation at Asn-240 and Asn-269 in the third domain of ICAM-1 may regulate the binding avidity of ICAM-1 to Mac-1 [Diamond, M. S., Staunton, D. E., Marlin, S. D., & Springer, T. A. (1991) Cell 65, 961-971]. In the present study the tICAM(453) Asn-269 site was found to contain predominantly one oligosaccharide structure that is conserved in all three cell lines. On the other hand, the Asn-240 site was found to contain cell line dependent oligosaccharide structural heterogeneity particularly in the degree of sialylation.Biochemistry 03/1996; 35(6):1856-64. · 3.38 Impact Factor