Impairments in the intrinsic contractility of mesenteric collecting lymphatics in a rat model of metabolic syndrome.

Department of Systems Biology and Translational Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, College Station, TX 77843, USA.
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology (Impact Factor: 4.01). 12/2011; 302(3):H643-53. DOI: 10.1152/ajpheart.00606.2011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Numerous studies on metabolic syndrome (MetSyn), a cluster of metabolic abnormalities, have demonstrated its profound impact on cardiovascular and blood microvascular health; however, the effects of MetSyn on lymphatic function are not well understood. We hypothesized that MetSyn would modulate lymphatic muscle activity and alter muscularized lymphatic function similar to the impairment of blood vessel function associated with MetSyn, particularly given the direct proximity of the lymphatics to the chronically inflamed adipose depots. To test this hypothesis, rats were placed on a high-fructose diet (60%) for 7 wk, and their progression to MetSyn was assessed through serum insulin and triglyceride levels in addition to the expression of metabolic and inflammatory genes in the liver. Mesenteric lymphatic vessels were isolated and subjected to different transmural pressures while lymphatic pumping and contractile parameters were evaluated. Lymphatics from MetSyn rats had significant negative chronotropic effects at all pressures that effectively reduced the intrinsic flow-generating capacity of these vessels by ∼50%. Furthermore, lymphatics were remodeled to a significantly smaller diameter in the animals with MetSyn. Wire myograph experiments demonstrated that permeabilized lymphatics from the MetSyn group exhibited a significant decrease in force generation and were less sensitive to Ca(2+), although there were no significant changes in lymphatic muscle cell coverage or morphology. Thus, our data provide the first evidence that MetSyn induces a remodeling of collecting lymphatics, thereby effectively reducing their potential load capabilities and impairing the intrinsic contractility required for proper lymph flow.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lymphatic vessels play an essential role in intestinal lipid uptake, and impairment of lymphatic vessel function leads to enhanced adipose tissue accumulation in patients with lymphedema and in genetic mouse models of lymphatic dysfunction. However, the effects of obesity on lymphatic function have been poorly studied. We investigated if and how adipose tissue accumulation influences lymphatic function. Using a lymphatic specific tracer, we performed in vivo near-infrared (NIR) imaging to assess the function of collecting lymphatic vessels in mice fed normal chow or high-fat diet (HFD). Histological and whole mount analyses were performed to investigate the morphological changes in initial and the collecting lymphatic vessels. HFD was associated with impaired collecting lymphatic vessel function, as evidenced by reduced frequency of contractions and diminished response to mechanostimulation. Moreover, we found a significant negative correlation between collecting lymphatic vessel function and body weight. Whole mount analyses showed an enlargement of contractile collecting lymphatic vessels of the hind limb. In K14-VEGF-C mice, HFD resulted in a reduced spreading of the tracer within dermal lymphatic vessels. These findings indicate that adipose tissue expansion due to HFD leads to a functional impairment of the lymphatic vasculature, predominantly in collecting lymphatic vessels.
    PLoS ONE 04/2014; 9(4):e94713. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Visualization of the lymphatic system is clinically necessary during diagnosis or treatment of many conditions and diseases; it is used for identifying and monitoring lymphedema, for detecting metastatic lesions during cancer staging and for locating lymphatic structures so they can be spared during surgical procedures. Imaging lymphatic anatomy and function also plays an important role in experimental studies of lymphatic development and function, where spatial resolution and accessibility are better. Here, we review technologies for visualizing and imaging the lymphatic system for clinical applications. We then describe the use of lymphatic imaging in experimental systems as well as some of the emerging technologies for improving these methodologies.
    Microvascular Research 06/2014; · 2.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: All dietary lipids are transported to venous circulation through the lymphatic system, yet the underlying mechanisms that regulate this process remain unclear. Understanding how the lymphatics functionally respond to changes in lipid load is important in the diagnosis and treatment of lipid and lymphatic related diseases such as obesity, hypercholesterolemia, and lymphedema. Therefore, we sought to develop an in situ imaging system to quantify and correlate lymphatic function as it relates to lipid transport. A custom-built optical set-up provides us with the capability of dual-channel imaging of both high-speed bright-field video and fluorescence simultaneously. This is achieved by dividing the light path into two optical bands. Utilizing high-speed and back-illuminated CCD cameras and post-acquisition image processing algorithms, we have the potential quantify correlations between vessel contraction, lymph flow and lipid concentration of mesenteric lymphatic vessels in situ. Local flow velocity is measured through lymphocyte tracking, vessel contraction through measurements of the vessel walls and lipid uptake through fluorescence intensity tracking of a fluorescent long chain fatty acid analogue, Bodipy FL C16. This system will prove to be an invaluable tool for both scientists studying lymphatic function in health and disease, and those investigating strategies for targeting the lymphatic system with orally delivered drugs.
    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 02/2012; · 0.20 Impact Factor


Available from
May 15, 2014