Impairments in the intrinsic contractility of mesenteric collecting lymphatics in a rat model of metabolic syndrome.

Department of Systems Biology and Translational Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, College Station, TX 77843, USA.
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology (Impact Factor: 3.63). 12/2011; 302(3):H643-53. DOI: 10.1152/ajpheart.00606.2011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Numerous studies on metabolic syndrome (MetSyn), a cluster of metabolic abnormalities, have demonstrated its profound impact on cardiovascular and blood microvascular health; however, the effects of MetSyn on lymphatic function are not well understood. We hypothesized that MetSyn would modulate lymphatic muscle activity and alter muscularized lymphatic function similar to the impairment of blood vessel function associated with MetSyn, particularly given the direct proximity of the lymphatics to the chronically inflamed adipose depots. To test this hypothesis, rats were placed on a high-fructose diet (60%) for 7 wk, and their progression to MetSyn was assessed through serum insulin and triglyceride levels in addition to the expression of metabolic and inflammatory genes in the liver. Mesenteric lymphatic vessels were isolated and subjected to different transmural pressures while lymphatic pumping and contractile parameters were evaluated. Lymphatics from MetSyn rats had significant negative chronotropic effects at all pressures that effectively reduced the intrinsic flow-generating capacity of these vessels by ∼50%. Furthermore, lymphatics were remodeled to a significantly smaller diameter in the animals with MetSyn. Wire myograph experiments demonstrated that permeabilized lymphatics from the MetSyn group exhibited a significant decrease in force generation and were less sensitive to Ca(2+), although there were no significant changes in lymphatic muscle cell coverage or morphology. Thus, our data provide the first evidence that MetSyn induces a remodeling of collecting lymphatics, thereby effectively reducing their potential load capabilities and impairing the intrinsic contractility required for proper lymph flow.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the presence and alteration of lymphatic vessels in joints of arthritic mice using a whole-slide imaging system. Joints and long bone sections were cut from paraffin blocks of two mouse models of arthritis: meniscal-ligamentous injury (MLI)-induced osteoarthritis (OA) and TNF transgene (TNF-Tg)-induced rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MLI-OA mice were fed a high fat diet to accelerate OA development. TNF-Tg mice were treated with lymphatic growth factor VEGF-C virus to stimulate lymphangiogenesis. Sections were double immunofluorescence stained with anti-podoplanin and alpha-smooth muscle actin antibodies. The area and number of lymphatic capillaries and mature lymphatic vessels were determined using a whole-slide imaging system and its associated software. Lymphatic vessels in joints were distributed in soft tissues mainly around the joint capsule, ligaments, fat pads and muscles. In long bones, enriched lymphatic vessels were present in the periosteal areas adjacent to the blood vessels. Occasionally, lymphatic vessels were observed in the cortical bone. Increased lymphatic capillaries, but decreased mature lymphatic vessels, were detected in both OA and RA joints. VEGF-C treatment increased lymphatic capillary and mature vessel formation in RA joints. Our findings suggest that the lymphatic system may play an important role in arthritis pathogenesis and treatment.
    Biotechnic & Histochemistry 11/2012; · 0.67 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lymphatic vessels play an essential role in intestinal lipid uptake, and impairment of lymphatic vessel function leads to enhanced adipose tissue accumulation in patients with lymphedema and in genetic mouse models of lymphatic dysfunction. However, the effects of obesity on lymphatic function have been poorly studied. We investigated if and how adipose tissue accumulation influences lymphatic function. Using a lymphatic specific tracer, we performed in vivo near-infrared (NIR) imaging to assess the function of collecting lymphatic vessels in mice fed normal chow or high-fat diet (HFD). Histological and whole mount analyses were performed to investigate the morphological changes in initial and the collecting lymphatic vessels. HFD was associated with impaired collecting lymphatic vessel function, as evidenced by reduced frequency of contractions and diminished response to mechanostimulation. Moreover, we found a significant negative correlation between collecting lymphatic vessel function and body weight. Whole mount analyses showed an enlargement of contractile collecting lymphatic vessels of the hind limb. In K14-VEGF-C mice, HFD resulted in a reduced spreading of the tracer within dermal lymphatic vessels. These findings indicate that adipose tissue expansion due to HFD leads to a functional impairment of the lymphatic vasculature, predominantly in collecting lymphatic vessels.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(4):e94713. · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proper lymphatic function is necessary for the transport of fluids, macromolecules, antigens and immune cells out of the interstitium. The lymphatic endothelium plays important roles in the modulation of lymphatic contractile activity and lymph transport, but it's role as a barrier between the lymph and interstitial compartments is less well understood. Alterations in lymphatic function have long been associated with edema and inflammation although the integrity of the lymphatic endothelial barrier during inflammation is not well-defined. In this paper we evaluated the integrity of the lymphatic barrier in response to inflammatory stimuli commonly associated with increased blood endothelial permeability. We utilized in vitro assays of lymphatic endothelial cell (LEC) monolayer barrier function after treatment with different inflammatory cytokines and signaling molecules including TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, IFN-γ and LPS. Moderate increases in an index of monolayer barrier dysfunction were noted with all treatments (20-60 % increase) except IFN-γ which caused a greater than 2.5-fold increase. Cytokine-induced barrier dysfunction was blocked or reduced by the addition of LNAME, except for IL-1β and LPS treatments, suggesting a regulatory role for nitric oxide. The decreased LEC barrier was associated with modulation of both intercellular adhesion and intracellular cytoskeletal activation. Cytokine treatments reduced the expression of VE-cadherin and increased scavenging of β-catenin in the LECs and this was partially reversed by LNAME. Likewise the phosphorylation of myosin light chain 20 at the regulatory serine 19 site, which accompanied the elevated monolayer barrier dysfunction in response to cytokine treatment, was also blunted by LNAME application. This suggests that the lymphatic barrier is regulated during inflammation and that certain inflammatory signals may induce large increases in permeability.
    Angiogenesis 10/2013; · 4.41 Impact Factor


Available from
May 15, 2014