Characterization of Computed Tomography Scan Abnormalities in Patients With Biopsy-Proven Hepatic Metastases From Uveal Melanoma
Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 70 E 66th St, New York, NY 10065, USA. Archives of ophthalmology
(Impact Factor: 4.4).
12/2011; 129(12):1576-82. DOI: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2011.263
To describe the computed tomography (CT) features in patients with biopsy-proven hepatic metastases of uveal melanoma and correlate these findings with survival.
The medical records of patients with uveal melanoma evaluated at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center from January 1998 to September 2009 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were biopsy-proven liver metastasis and CT scan images available within 2 months of biopsy. Exclusion criteria were prior systemic or liver-directed therapy for uveal melanoma. Statistical analyses were carried out using the t test, χ(2) test, and Kaplan-Meier log-rank analyses.
Of 505 medical records reviewed, 76 were selected for study. Characteristic CT findings included multiple (68 patients [90%]), hypodense (100%), heterogeneous (100%), and enhancing (100%) hepatic lesions with a mean dominant lesion size of 46.8 cm(2). Eighteen patients (24%) exhibited hepatomegaly. Predominant lesion size larger than 100 cm(2), hepatomegaly, and ascites correlated with a lower survival rate (P = .008, P < .001, and P < .001, respectively). Radiographic evidence of extrahepatic metastases was present in 40 patients (53%). However, the presence of extrahepatic metastases did not affect survival. The results of at least 1 liver function test were abnormal in 46 of 67 patients (69%), and elevation of at least 1 serum transaminase and elevation of alkaline phosphatase were associated with larger lesions (P = .009 and P = .004, respectively) and hepatomegaly (P < .001 for both).
Radiographic evidence of predominant lesion size larger than 100 cm(2), hepatomegaly, and ascites-but not radiographic evidence of extrahepatic metastases-correlate with a lower survival rate in patients with biopsy-proven hepatic metastases of uveal melanoma.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.