Albumin levels predict survival in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction.
ABSTRACT Low serum albumin is common in patients with systolic heart failure and is associated with increased mortality. However, the relationship between albumin and outcome in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of serum albumin level on survival in patients with HFPEF.
We studied 576 consecutive HFPEF patients (left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50%) admitted to our hospital from 2006 to 2009. Standard demographics, transthoracic echocardiography, and routine blood testing including albumin levels were obtained shortly after admission. Outcome was assessed at 1 year after admission. Hypoalbuminaemia (≤34 g/L) was detected in 160 (28%) at admission; and all patients were then divided into hypoalbuminaemia and non-hypoalbuminaemia groups. In the hypoalbuminaemia group, the prevalence of chronic renal failure history, serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen levels were higher when compared with those without hypoalbuminaemia (all P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with hypoalbuminaemia had a significantly lower survival rate (53% vs. 84%, log-rank χ(2) = 53.3, P < 0.001) and a higher rate of cardiovascular death (21.8% vs. 8.9%, log-rank χ(2) = 19.7, P < 0.001) when compared with those without hypoalbuminaemia. Cox regression further revealed that hypoalbuminaemia, a history of cerebrovascular disease, and older age were the most powerful independent predictors of all-cause mortality in HFPEF patients at 1 year.
Hypoalbuminaemia is common in HFPEF patients and is associated with increased risk of death. Renal dysfunction may be the main pathophysiological mechanism underlying hypoalbuminaemia in HFPEF patients.
Article: Chronic kidney disease: an independent risk factor of all-cause mortality for elderly Chinese patients with chronic heart failure.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prognostic value of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in elderly Chinese patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The study consisted of 327 elderly patients with CHF. All-cause mortality was chosen as an endpoint over the median follow-up period of 345 days. Cox regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors of mortality. The median age of the entire cohort was 85 years (60-100 years). The mortality for 168 elderly patients with CHF and CKD (51.4% of entire cohort) was 39.9% (67 deaths), which was higher than the mortality for CHF patients without CKD [25.2% (40/159 deaths)] and the mortality for entire cohort with CHF [32.7% (107/327 deaths)]. The Cox regression analysis showed that old age [hazard ratio (HR): 1.033; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.004-1.064], CKD (HR: 1.705; 95% CI: 1.132-2.567), CHF New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV (HR: 1.913; 95% CI: 1.284-2.851), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (HR: 1.696; 95% CI: 1.036-2.777), elevated resting heart rate (HR: 1.021; 95% CI: 1.009-1.033), and decreased plasma albumin (HR: 0.883; 95% CI: 0.843-0.925) were independent risk factors of mortality for elderly patients with CHF. CKD was an independent risk factor of mortality for elderly Chinese patients with CHF.Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 12/2012; 9(4):355-60.